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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A sequence of sugars, phosphates and nitrogenous organic bases
nucleic acid
Large number of amino acids linked together by peptide bonds
protein
A sugar or polymer of sugar
carbohydrate
Two or more simpler molecules strung together
polymer
Two or more similar molecules unite, forming a larger complex molecule
polymerization
A group of organic compounds including fats and steroids
lipid
basic units of proteins
amino acid
synthesis of repeating molecules
polymerization
an acid located in the cell nucleus
RNA
a polymer of sugar
carbohydrate
decomposition using water
hydrolysis
one of the most common elements which bond to carbon:
hydrogen
one of the most common elements which bond to carbon:
oxygen
one of the most common elements which bond to carbon:
nitrogen
A polymer of simple sugars
carbohydrate
A simple sugar (C6H12O6) occurring in plant and animal tissues
dehydration synthesis
A two-sugar polymer
disaccharide
A polymer of glucose units
glucose
The building block unit of carbohydrates; a simple sugar
monosaccharide
A bonding of subunits to form a polymer with the loss of water
polysaccharide
A sugar or polymer of sugar
starch
A group of organic compounds including fats, steroids, and phospholipids
lipid
A protein specialized to defend the body against disease
antibody
Aids in the control of a specific function in the organism
hormone
A large complex organic molecule consisting of a large number of amino acids
protein
The basic building block of proteins
amino acid
The breakdown of large molecules into smaller molecules with water being a reactant
hydrolysis
A sequence of sugars, phosphates and nitrogenous organic bases
nucleic acid
A complex molecule containing the genetic code
DNA
A nucleic acid which participates in the synthesis of proteins
RNA