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26 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
what is an observation?
using one or more of your sences togather information about the world
What is aquantitative observation
make measurements using numbers
What is a qualitative observation?
descriptions or property of object being examined
What is an inference?
It is when you interpret an observation. It is not a fact
What is a prediction?
When you make an inference about a future event based on current evidence or past experience.
What are scientists doing when they CLASSIFY?
They are grouping objects that are alike together. Used ot oganize information and objects
What are scientists doing when they MAKE A MODEL?
They are making a picture or a diagram representing a complex object or process.
What are scientists doing when they COMMUNICATE?
The process of sharing ideas and infromation with other people.
When Scientists make measurements, they use the SI system. What is this?
It is a measurement that is based on multples of tens and is the standard system of measurement among scientists.
Define meter.
The distance between two points. Scientists use metric rulers and meter sticks to measure length.
What is a liter?
Measure the volume of a liquid or the amount of space it takes up.
Define gram.
Used to measure mass, or the amount of matter in an object
What is mass?
The amount of matter in an object
What is volume?
Amount of space that it takes up.
Describe the critical thinking skill of COMPARING AND CONTRASTING.
Identifying the similarities and differences of different objects. Comparing involves identifying similar characteristics. Contrasting involves identifying different characteristics.
Describe the critical thinking skill of APPLYING CONCEPTS.
Using your knowledge about one situation to make sense of a similar situation. Transferring your knowledge from situation to another shows that you truly understand a concept.
Describe the critical thinking skills of INTERPRETING ILLUSTRATIONS.
Using illustrations to show processes, places and idease in a visual manner.
Desribe the critical thinking skill of RELATING CAUSE AND EFFECT.
Determing that a relationship exists between two events in that one event causes the other event to occur. Not always true though.
Describe the critical thinkings skill of MAKING GENERALIZATIONS.
When you make conclusions about the whole group based on information about only some of the group's members.
Desribe the critical thinking skill of MAKING JUDGEMENTS.
When you evaluate something to decide if its is good or bad, right or wrong, etc.
Describe the critical thinking skill of PROBLEM SOLVING.
When you use critical thinking skills to resolve an issue, decide on a course of action.
Describe the graphic organizer of CONCEPT MAPS.
Useful tools for organizing information on broad topics. Begins with a general concept and shows how it can be broken down into more specific concepts.
Describe the graphic organizer of COMPARE/CONTRAST TABLES.
Useful tools for sorting out the similarities/differences between 2 items.
Describe the graphic organizer VENN DIAGRAM.
Another way to show the similiarities and differences between items. Consists of two circles that overlap. Similarities are written in the overlapping area.
Describe the graphic organizer of FLOWCHARTS.
Help you to understand the order in which certain events have occurred or should occur. Useful for outlining the stages in a prcess or the steps in a procedure.
Describe the graphic organizer of CYCLE CHARTS.
Used to show a sequence of events that is continuous or cyclical. Like a flow chart a cycle diagram can help you understand the order of events.