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35 Cards in this Set

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Aquifers
Great pools of Water Trapped in sand and gracel 50-500 ft below the surface
Solvent
a substance capable of dissolving other substances
Solutes
are those substances that dissolve in a solvent
Solution
a homogeneous mixture of uniform composition
Concentration
the ratio of amount of ingredient to amount of water solution
Molarity
the number of moles of solute present in one liter of solution

m=Moles of solute
------------------
Liter of solution
Electronegativity
a measure of an atom's attraction for the electrons it shares in a covalent bond
Specific Heat
amount of energy needed to raise 1g of a substance 1 c
Nonpolar covalent
Two atoms that share electrons
Polar covalent
A covalent bond in which the electrons are not equally shared but rather displaced toward the more electronegative atom
Ionic Compounds
formed when elements from opposite sides of the periodic table exchange electrons
Acetate
C2H3O2-
Bicarbonate
HCO3-
Carbonate
CO2-
3
Hydroxide
OH-
Hypochorite
OCL-
Nitrate
NO-
3
Nitrite
NO-
2
Phosphate
PO3-
4
Sulfate
SO2-
4
Sulfite
SO2-
3
Ammonium
NH+
4
Hydrogen Bonding
intermolecular forcel attractive force H directly Bonded to O,N, F
Electrolyte
Conducting solute (ionic)
Nonelectrolyte
nonconducting solute (covalent)
Ion
Electrically Charged particle
Cation
(+) charged particle
Anion
(-) Charged particle
All -, - and - compounds are soluble
Sodium, Potassium, and ammonium
All - are soluble
Nitrates
Most - are soluble (except silver, some mercury and lead chlorides)
Chlorides
Do not dissolve into ions
Covalent
Osmosis
Water will natural flow from SP membrene to solution
Acid
Substance that produces H+(proton) ions in water sour taste
Base
Substance that produces OH- ions in water; bitter taste slippery