Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Therapists are real, genuine, integrated & authentic during therapy; inner experience and outter expression match
Deep, genuine caring for client; unconditional.
Unconditional positive regard.
Understanding client's experience and feelings sensitively & accurately.
Accurate empathetic understanding.
All-or-nothing,magnification/ minimalization,mind reading,. neg. predictions, catastrophizing, overgeneralizing, labeling/mislabeling.
Cognitive (Thought) distortions
Recognizing shoulds, oughts, and musts
An REBT theraputic goal
Provide an opportunity for clients/students to recognize ways that they are not living full lives and help them make choices to help them reach their capabilities.
Help clients recognize their freedom.
Challenge clients to recognize that they are in control of their life (not the other way around).
Help clients recognize the responsibility that goes along with taking charge of their life.
Goals of Existentialism
Originator of Cog. Therapy
Aaron Beck
Psychoanalytic Therapy
Sigmund Freud
Person-centerd therapy Founder
Carl Rogers
Adlerian therapy
Alfred Adler
Existential therapy
Viktur Frankl
Gestalt Therapy Founder(Psychodynamic)
Fritz Perls
Behavioral Therapy Founders
Pavlov, Watson, Skinner, Thorndike
Cognitive Behavioral/ REBT (Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory)Founder
Albert Ellis
Director of Chi Sigma Iota
Tom Sweeny
5 characteristcs of effective counselors
PLAUS--patience, listening skills, assertiveness, unbiased, suspends judgement
Precursor to Cognitive theory
Adlerian theory
7 defense mechanisms
RDRPDRFR-Repression, Denial, Regression, Projection, Reaction Formation, Rationalization
Psychoanalytics: What are 3 levels of consciousness?
Conscious, preconscious, subconscious
Psychoanalytics: 3 systems of personality...
Id (basic instincts), Ego(negotiator), Superego(parents/society/religious values
Healthy development is based on successful resolution of both _________ and _________ issues at the appropriate stages.
psychosexual & psychosocial
Effectiveness w/Cultures: Knowledge of own cultural bakgrd. and how it effects...
you personally and professionally
Effectiveness w/Cultures:
Learn about the client's cultural bkrd. in order to...
avoid stereotyping.
Effectiveness w/Cultures:
Undstd. how ______________forces influence all groups.
Effectiveness w/Cultures:
Learn how to help clients make use of ______________ _______________ systems.
indigenous support
Effectiveness w/Cultures:
Know how to ______ theories to accommodate ___differences.
Tendency to focus more on behaviors than the sociocultural environment that influences them.
Culture v. Behaviorist Theory
May arouse deep emo.=problem for cultures whose traditions value self-control and no exp. of emo.
Culture v. Gestalt Theory
Less directive so may be problem w/cultures who tend seek advice (i.e.Asian)AND many cult. focus on fam/social dec.-making instead of indiv.'s empowerment
Person-centered Theory
Promotes self-sufficiency (not dependency) & couns. is determiner of irrational beliefs=take too much power from client
Couns. is usually from a dominant cult., yet is supposed to be expert on client's life form other culture; this therpy does not consider cultural factors
Psychoanalytical Theory
Since focus on personal resp., sociocultural facts may be ignored.
Existentialist Theory
6 Theories form beg. to mid-term
Person-Centered, Psychoanalytical/Adlerian, Existential, Gestalt, Behavioral, Cog.-Beh./REBT
Works well with physical/emotional abuse.
Psychoanalytical/Adlerian approach:Use individual play therapy sessions to provide the client with the opportunity to reveal facts and feelings regarding the abuse
Works well for anger management.
Behaviorist approach:Brainstorm a list of conflicts that typically occur in his/her life at home, school, community and identify possible conditions or triggers;brainstorm preexisting conditions;review the concept of taking a time-out to gain control of anger
Works well with eating disroders.
Gestalt approach:Assist the client in identifying a basis for self-worth apart from body image by reviewing his/her talents, successes, positive traits
Works well with academic underachievement.
Person-centered approachgive frequent praise and positive reinforcement for the student’s effort and accomplishment on academic tasks
Works well with depression.
C-BT Treatment:keep a daily journal of… automatic negative thoughts associated with experiences…process the journal material to diffuse destructive thinking patterns
Works well with Phase of Life Problems
Existentialist Treatment:clarifying and prioritizing his/her values; Assign the client to read books on values clarification