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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Penury (n.)
Penurious (adj.)
Extreme, oppressive poverty; sometimes, an exaggerated tendency to save money wherever mossible (more formal and extreme than squalor)
Squalor (n.)
Squalid (adj.)
Filthy or degraded by neglect or poverty
Indignation (n.)
Indignant (adj.)
Anger aroused by injustice or unworthiness
Anomaly (n.)
Anomalous (adj.)
An irregularity, a change from the common rule, abnormality
Destitution (n.)
Poverty, usually money/resources
Systemic (adj.)
Of or relating to a system. Used when the problem is larger than the specific event you see in front of you, or the specific cause that is assigned to explain a phenomenon
Arcane (adj.)
Secret, known or understood by only a few people or specialists
Subsidy (n.)
Subsidize (v.)
A grant or gift of money by the government to a private individual or business
Equity (n.)
Equitable (adj.)
Justice; freedom from any bias or favoritism
Meritocracy (n.)
A system in which people earn what they have through their own achievements; an equitable system that does not play favorites based on inherited factors
Disseminate (v.)
To disperse or spread around (as if by sowing seeds)
Audacity (n.)
Audacious (adj.)
Boldness, daring, courage, nerve - sometimes with a connotation or rudeness
Credence (n.)
Belief that something is true (to lend credence to...)
Obdurate (adj.)
Inflexible, unyielding, unfeeling, stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing, unwilling to listen or change
Disingenuous (adj.)
Insincere, giving the impression of simple honesty while being dishonest or calculating, in reality
Superfluity (n.)
Superfluous (adj.)
A huge or excessive quantity of something
Compound (v.)
To put parts together and combine to form a new whole, often making the resultant whole more...extreme, unjust, forceful, complicated...
Rebuttal (n.)
Rebut (v.)
A formal argumentative challenge, the contradiction of an opposing point of view; to prove wrong
Circumscribe (v.)
Literally to draw a line around, to limit the rage of motion or opportunity or possibililites by erecting a barrier
Exhort (v.)
Exhortation (n.)
Exhortatory (adj.)
To urge strongly, to make urgent appeals, to try to incite or arouse by argument or advice
Caste (n.)
An inherited social class, or division of society into groups based on wealth or other sources of prestige; there is a connotation of permanence or unchangeabilitly to the word
Disarming (adj.)
The quality of causing others to let down their guard, of winning them over, of easing their skepticism
Gerrymander (v.)
To rearragne the borders of a voting district with the deliberate purpose of creating voting majorities sympathetic to the politician who is doing the redistricting
Poignance (n.)
Poignant (adj.)
1. Deeply moving, touching, piercing, affecting the feelings
2. Very much to the point, apt, relevant
Anonymity (n.)
Anonymous (adj.)
The state of being unknown
Recurrent (adj.)
Recurring (adj.)
Recur (v.)
To happen repeatedly, or as a pattern
Polarization (n.)
Polarize (v.)
To break up into opposing factions or groups. Often used to criticize an idea that artificially separates and opposes two ideas that should not be separated because they both work together at the same time
Endemic (adj.)
Native to or originating in a particular people, or country, or locality or region
Disparage (v.)
Disparaging (adj.)
To put down, to degrade, to belittle, to slight
Inexplicable (adj.)
Unexplainable, unable to be explicated, interpreted, accounted for
Subvert (v.)
To overthrow or challenge by working to undermine the foundation: Can be both positive and negative
Disparate (adj.)
Disparity (n.)
Separate, different, distinct in quality or character
Redistribution of resources (v.)
This is a general economic concept that has to do with "spreading the wealth": The resources of the wealthy get "redistributed" so that everyone gets to benefit from what is available and there is more equality as a result; economic conervatives and capitalists fear this philosophy, which has often been associated with communist countries
Vindicate (v.)
To prove to be right, to confim, to justify, to free of blame; to absolve, to exonerate
Circumspect (adj.)
Careful, thoughtful, cautious, prudent, thinking before acting or speaking
Insouciance (n.)
Insouciant (adj.)
Lighthearted lack of concern, nonchalance
Acquiesce (v.)
Acquiescent (adj.)
Acquiescence (n.)
To give in, to yield to another, to surrender or to go along with
Fatalistic (adj.)
Technically, believing in fate; it is used to suggest a sense of despair or apathy about an individual's power to control the future; defeated, pessimistic; a "what will happen, will happen, and I can't change it" mentality
Pathological (adj.)
Diseased, medically abnomal, sick; often used in social contexts
Red tape (n.)
The informal term referring to the bureaucratic obstacles in the path of reform, official procedures that are needlessly complex and make it impossible to get things done