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15 Cards in this Set

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cell destruction of the skin layers that results in depletion of fluid and electrolytes
burn
Explain carbon monoxide poisoning
Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that has an affinity for hemoglobin 200 times greater than oxygen does. Oxygen molecules are displaced, and carbon monoxide reversibly binds to hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin. Tissue hypoxia occurs.
Tissue injury caused by tissue contact with strong acids, alkalis, or organic compounds. Systemic toxicity from cutaneous absorption can occur.
chemical burn
involves injury to the muscle, bone and tendonds. Injured area appears black and eschar is hard and inelastic.
Deep full-thickness burn
Injury extends into the skin dermis and the wound is red and dry, with white areas in deeper parts
Deep partial-thickness burn
What conditions might cause a deep-partial thickness burn to convert into a deep full-thickness burn?
When tissue damage increases due to infection, hypoxia, or ischemia.
Tissue injury caused by heat generated from electrical energy as it passes through the body; results in internal tissue damage
electrical burn
the injured area appears waxy white, deep red, yellow, brown, or black; injured surface appears dry. Edema is present under eschar.
Full-thickness burn
An acute viral infection of the nerve structure caused by varicella-zoster. Contagious to individuals who have not had the chickenpox
Herpes zoster (shingles)
area of tissue damage that occurs as a rsult of skin and underlying soft tissue compression from pressure between a surface and a bony prominence; aka decubitus ulcer
pressure ulcer
a malignant lesion of the skin that may or may not metastasize. Causes include chronic friction and irritation to a skin area and exposure to UV rays. Diagnosis is confirmed by a skin biopsy that is positive for cancer cells.
Skin cancer
respiratory injury resulting when victim is trapped in an enclosed, smoke-filled space
smoke inhalation injury
involves injury to the upper third of the dermis. Mild to severe erythema is noted, and the skin blances w/ pressure. The burn is painful.
Superficial-thickness burn
a mottled red base and broken epidermis and a wet shiny and weeping surface is present. Large blisters can be seen covering an extensive area. Skin is edematous and painful.
superficial partial-thickness burn
tissue injury caused by exposure to flames, got liquids, steam, or hot objects
thermal burn