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421 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
acclimate
to be accustomed to a new environment or situation; adapt
aeon
an indefinitely long period of time; an age
affectation
behavior that is assumed rather than natural; artificiality
affluent
wealthy
amalgam
a combination of diverse elements; a mixture
ambivalent
having opposing attitude or feelings about something
anachronistic
describing something that is out of its proper order or time
aplomb
self-confidence assurance; poise
apropos
to the point
antipathy
strong dislike
archaic
characteristic of words and language that were once common but are now used chiefly to suggest an earlier style or period
arrest
to stop
augment
to increase
auspicious
favorable
austere
having no adornment or ornamentation; bare
automaton
a robot; one that behaves or responds in a mechanical way
autonomy
independence
avant-garde
a group active in the invention and application of new techniques in a given field, esp in the arts
bane
fatal injury or ruin; cause of ruin
beleaguered
to harass; beset (to surround, harass)
belie
to be counter to; contradict(His trembling hands belied his calm voice.)
belligerent
inclined or eager to fight; hostile or aggressive
bipartisan
supported by two political parties
bog
a wetland
bolster
to support
boon
a benefit bestowed
bowdlerize
to remove offensive portions from a book
burgeon
to grow and flourish
castigate
to criticize severely
chagrin
disappointment
check
to halt; to hold in restraint
chicanery
deception by trickery or sophistry
circumvent
to avoid or get around
complaisant
exhibiting a desire or willingness to please; cheerfully obliging
complicity
involvement as an accomplice in a questionable act or a crime; (complicity in a crime)
condemn
to express strong disapproval of
conjecture
a guess based on incomplete evidence
conscientious
thorough and assiduous (constant)
contentious
quarrelsome and controversial
convoluted
intricate; complicated
covet
to desire
curtail
to cut short
daunting
discouraging
dearth
a scarce supply; a lack
debilitate
to sap the strength or energy of; enervate
definitive
authoritative and complete
deleterious
having a harmful effect; injurious
demagogue
a leader who obtains power by means of impassioned appeals to the emotions and prejudices of the populace
demonstrative
marked by the open expression of emotion; She wished her fiancé were more demonstrative.
denounce
criticize; to condemn openly as being evil or reprehensible
desolation
devastation; ruin
diffidence
the characteristic of being shy and reserved
dilapidated
having fallen into a state of disrepair or deterioration, as through neglect; broken-down and shabby
dilatory
intended to delay (a dilatory strategy)
dilettante
a dabbler in an art or a field of knowledge
dabbler
One who engages in an activity superficially or without serious intent.
dirge
a funeral song
disaffect
to cause to lose affection or loyalty
discredit
to damage in reputation; disgrace
discrete
separate and distinct
disposition
one's usual mood; temperament
dissolute
lacking moral restraint; indulging in sensual pleasures or vices
divisive
creating disagreements or discord
don
to put on (clothing)
dour
unyielding; stubborn
draconian
exceedingly harsh; very severe
eclectic
adapted from a number of different sources
economical
prudent and thrifty in management; not wasteful or extravagant
effusive
unrestrained or excessive in emotional expression; gushy
elusive
hard to track
emote
to express emotion, esp. in an excessive or theatrical manner
empirical
guided by practical experience and not theory; relying on or derived from observation or experiment
endemic
prevalent in or peculiar to a particular locality, region, or people
envelop
to enclose or encase completely with or as if with a covering
ephemeral
lasting for a markedly brief time
epitomize
to be a typical example of
equanimity
the quality of being calm and even-tempered; composure
evenhanded
showing no partiality; fair
evocation
creation anew through the power of the memory or imagination (a calling forth)
excoriate
to scold severely; to censure strongly; denounce
exhort
to urge, advise, or caution earnestly; admonish urgently
exonerate
to free from blame
expurgate
to remove vulgar material from a book
extemporaneous
done, spoken, performed, etc., without special advance preparation; impromptu
extemporize
to perform something without prior preparation or practice
fawn
to seek favor or attention by flattery and obsequious behavior
fecund
capable of producing offspring or vegetation; fruitful
felonious
illegal
fickle
1.likely to change, esp. due to caprice, irresolution, or instability; casually changeable: fickle weather.
2.not constant or loyal in affections: a fickle lover.
fortitude
strength of mind that allows one to endure pain or adversity with courage
foster
to promote the growth and development of; cultivate
frivolous
unworthy of serious attention; trivial; characterized by lack of seriousness; unconcerned
galling
frustrating; exasperating
garish
marred by strident color or excessive ornamentations; gaudy
gerrymandering
to divide (a geographic area) into voting districts so as to give unfair advantage to one party in elections
gravity
seriousness or importance
groundbreaker
one that is orginal or innovative
guileless
lacking deceit; not crafty
halcyon
peaceful
hamper
to prevent the free movement, action or progress of (also, to interfere or hold back from)(restrict the activity or free movement of)
histrionic
excessively emotional; dramatic; an actor
hued
having a given hue, aspect or character (rosy-hued; dark-hued.
idolatry
blind or excessive devotion to something
impasse
a situation that is so difficult that no progress can be made; a deadlock or a stalemate
impeccable
having no flaws; perfect
impecunious
lacking money; penniless
imperceptible
hard to detect
imperious
arrogantly domineering or overbearing
impetus
(n)something that incites (provoke or move on); a stimulus (a moving force)
implausible
difficult to believe
improvise
to invent, compose, or recite without preparation
impugn
to attack as false or questionable
inane
stupid
incantatory
having the effect of a verbal charm or spell
incongruous
inconsistent
inflame
to arouse to passionate feeling or action
inimical
injurious or harmful in effect; adverse
innuendo
an indirect or subtle, usu. derogatory (disparaging) implication in expression; an insinuation. ex: She made nasty insinuations about her rivals.
intemperate
excessive, esp. in the use of alcoholic beverages
interdependent
mutually (both sides) dependent
inundate
to flood
invective
denunciatory or abusive language; vituperation
itinerant
traveling from place to place, esp. to perform work or a duty
jocular
characterized by joking
laconic
saying few words
lambaste
to denounce; to beat/whip
libelous
describing something written that is false
licentious
lacking moral discipline or ignoring legal restraint, esp. in sexual conduct
lionize
to treat as a celebrity
loquacious
very talkative
lugubrious
mournful, dismal, or gloomy to an exaggerated degree
mediate
to resolve or settle by working with all the conflicting parties
mitigate
to lessen the severity of
mollify
to calm in temper or feeling; soothe
mortify
to humiliate
mosaic
a decorative design made by setting small colored pieces of glass into a surface
muddle
to confuse
myriad
constituting a very large, indefinite number; innumerable
nostalgia
a bittersweet longing for something (things, persons, or situations of the past)
noxious
harmful to the mind or morals; corrupting
nuance
a subtle degree of difference
obdurate
stubborn
oblique
devious, misleading, or dishonest
obscurity
being unknown
obsequious
exhibiting servile compliance (eager to yield to;obedience) ; fawning
opacity
obscurity; impenetrablility
orthodox
adhering to what is traditional
overture
an opening or initiating move toward negotiations, a new relationship, an agreement, etc.; a formal or informal proposal or offer: overtures of peace; a shy man who rarely made overtures of friendship.
overwrought
excessively nervous or excited; agitated
paradigm
an example that serves as a model
partisan
biased in support of a party, group, or cause
perfunctory
done routinely and with little interest or care
pernicious
destructive
pertinent
having logical, precise relevance to the matter at hand
petulant
irritable
plasticity
a characteristic that allows molding into almost any shape
polemical
relating to a controversy or an argument
populist
a supporter of the rights and power of the people
profligacy
reckless wastefulness
propitiate
to conciliate(-overcome; reconcile)(an offended power); appease
proponent
one who argues in support of something; an advocate
psychosomatic
describing a disorder having physical symptoms but originating from psychological causes
quell
to pacify; quiet
quibble
to find fault or criticize for petty reasons; cavil
rebuff
to reject bluntly, often disdainfully; snub
recalcitrant
marked by stubborn resistance to and defiance of authortiy
redundancy
the duplication of parts to prevent against system failures
regressive
moving to a previous, usu. worse or less developed state
renaissance
a rebirth or revival
reprehensible
blameworthy
repudiate
to reject as untrue
resolute
firm or determined; unwavering; holding to one's beliefs
reticent
quiet
rhetorician
an eloquent(expressed by fluent, forceful, and appropriate speech) speaker or writer
ruffian
a bully
repudiate
to reject emphatically (-with emphasis/force) as unfounded, untrue, or unjust
sedentary
characterized by much sitting; inactive
sinecure
a position that requires little work but provides a salary
slighting
disparaging (to treat of slightingly); belittling
speculative
given to conjecture or speculation
spontaneity
self-generated; creative
stimulation
creating sensation
strident
loud, harsh, grating, or shrill; discordant
substantiate
to support with proof or evidence; verify
supine
lying on the back
synergy
the interaction of two or more agents or forces so that their combined effect is greater than the sum of their individual effects
synopsis
a brief outline or general view; an abstract or a summary
synthesis
the combining of separate elements or substances to form a coherent whole
taciturn
untalkative; silent
tactile
perceptible to the sense of touch; tangible
tedious
tiresome by reason of length, slowness, or dullness; boring
temperate
behavior exercising moderation and self-restraint esp. with respect to eating or drinking
tepid
lacking enthusiasm
transgression
a violation of law
trove
a collection of valuable items discovered or found; a treasure-trove
truculence
bitter hostility; cruel behavior
ultimatum
a final demand/proposal backed by a threat
uncouth
crude; unrefined; without manners
unflappable
persistently calm, whether when facing difficulties or experiencing success; not easily upset or excited
unstinting
bestowed liberally
utilitarian
serving a useful purpose
vacuous
lacking intelligence; stupid
venality
susceptibility to bribery or corruption 2. the use of a position of trust for dishonest gain
vernal
pertaining to the spring season
vertiginous
affected by vertigo; dizzy
verve
energy and enthusiasm in the expression of ideas, esp. in artistic performance or composition
vestigial
describing an organ that no longer serves a function
vignettes
brief descriptive sketches
virulent
extremely infectious, malignant, or poisonous
vituperative
verbally abusive
wrongheaded
stubbornly defiant (boldly resistant) of what is right or reasonable
zealous
tirelessly devoted to a cause
subsidiary
serving to assist or supplement; auxiliary; supplementary.
tangential
merely touching; slightly connected
fatuous
complacently foolish
cronyism
favoritism of personal friends
exacerbated
to increase the severity, bitterness, or violence of (disease, ill feeling, etc.); aggravate. to embitter (to a person)
plucky
having or showing pluck or courage; brave
diffident
lacking confidence in one's own ability; reserved; shy; timid
exculpatory
tending to clear from a charge of fault
insidious
intending to entrap; deceitful
discern
to detect
efface
to wipe out; obliterate
fanciful
imaginative
meteoric
suddenly or temporarily brilliant
redundant
characterized by verbosity or unnecessary repetition; excess
onus
burden
purport
(n) the meaning, import, or sense
dismal
causing gloom, not cheerful, pitiful; obsolete, disastrous, lack of skill, ineptness
evanescent
vanishing; fading away; fleeting.
adverse
unfavorable or antagonistic in purpose or effect
opposing
fastidious
particular, critical, demanding, hard to please. excessive care.
prolix
extended to great, unnecessary, or tedious length; long and wordy.
consolatory
giving comfort; consoling.
incumbent
holding an indicated position, role, office, etc., currently. Obligatory.
detriment
loss, damage, disadvantage, or injury.
cogitate
to think hard; ponder; meditate; devise a plan
vogue
something in fashion, as at a particular time; popular, common.
evanescent
fleeting; vanishing; fading away. Imperceptible.
imbecility
an instance or point of weakness; feebleness; incapability. Stupidity, silliness, absurdity.
conspicuous
easily seen or noticed; observable; attracting special attention
languid
lacking in vigor or vitality; slack or slow; lacking in spirit and interest; indifferent.
atrocious
extremely or shockingly wicked, cruel, or brutal; bad, tasteless
wily
cunning
succor
help, relief. to help.
expatriate
to banish (a person) from his or her native country. to withdraw oneself from one's own country.
vested
held completely, permanently, and inalienably: vested rights. clothed in ecclesiastical vestments.
trenchant
incisive or keen, as language or a person; caustic; cutting; vigorous, energetic.
illicit
unlawful
fulminates
to issue a thunderous attack; explode
voluptuous
full of, characterized by, or ministering to indulgence in luxury, pleasure, and sensuous enjoyment; gratification of the senses.
connoisseur
a person who is especially competent to pass critical judgments in an art; discerning judge in any field
discerning
showing good or outstanding judgment and understanding
harrowed
To inflict great distress or torment on. A farm implement use to plow.
atrophied
wasted, withered; decline
sardonic
scornful mocking; cynical
pernicious
destructive; evil
capricious
compulsive, unpredictable.
languorous
weary; lethargic
contemplative
calm, peaceful
duplicitous
dishonest
odious
offensive
obstreperous
noisy, uncontrolled
bigot
prejudice
loath
unwilling
mendicant
begging/beggar
sycophantic
a self-seeking, servile flatterer; fawning parasite.
err
to go astray (incorrectness and morally sinful)
repose (n.)
tranquil;sleep;calmness
vagabond (n. and adj)
wandering from place to place without any settled home; nomadic
palliate
make less severe
assuage
make less intense
upbraid
scold
exacerbate
intensity
gauge
measure/evaluate
unnerve
make one nervous/upset
depravity
moral corruption, perversion
dissent
to withhold assent; differ in opinion
ingenuity
cleverness
novelty
new and different
sultry
hot and humid
fetid
offensive odor
temperate
mild
abate
lessen in intensity
inured
grow accustom to
downplay
minimize
immaterial
inconsequential, irrelevant
irrevocable
unable to be taken back
suntillating
sparkling, brilliant
decried
openly condemned
recriminations
countercharges
retribution
revenge
promiscuity
lack of discrimination
execrable
very bad taste
idosyncratic
peculiar, offbeat
irrefutable
undeniable
chaste
modest
unctuous
insincere earnestness
manifesto
public determination of motives
edifying
informative
enumerated
to ascertain the number of; count
harangue
a speech addressed to a public assembly
itemization
the act of to set down in detail or by particulars
insistence
the act or an instance of insisting
munificent
very liberal in giving or bestowing; generosity
irreverence
lack of honor or respect
vocation
a summons or strong inclination to a particular state or course of action; especially : a divine call to the religious life; occupation
corollary
an immediate consequence or easily drawn conclusion.; result
divestment
to deprive or dispossess especially of property, authority, or title; to strip clothes
revoke
to take back or withdraw; annul, cancel, or reverse; rescind or repeal
plaintive
sad
innovative
original
duplicitous
dishonest
imprecation
curse
esconced
comfortably established
facetious
joking or jesting often inappropriately
shirked
neglect
asinine
foolish, unintelligent, or silly; stupid
lambasted
to assault violently; to attack verbally
perspicacity
keenness of mental perception and understanding; discernment; penetration.
redolent
having/emitting a fragrance
quaint
charming/old-fashioned
resplendent
dazzling and brillinat
feral
not domesticated or cultivated
trenchant
insightful
truncation
to shorten by or as if by cutting off; to replace
effusiveness
marked by the expression of great or excessive emotion or enthusiasm
crepuscular
of, pertaining to, or resembling twilight; dim; indistinct.
canny
careful; cautious; prudent; shrewd, knowing.
irrevocable
not to be revoked or recalled; unable to be repealed or annulled; unalterable:
irreverent
lacking proper respect or seriousness
penchant
a strong and continued inclination; liking.
futile
completely ineffective
belied
proved false
invocation
act or instance of calling on a higher authority for assistance
brainchild
the product of a person's creative imagination
fractious
refractory or unruly; irritable or quarrelsome
listless
having or showing little or no interest in anything; languid; spiritless; indifferent
exhumed
to dig (something buried, esp. a dead body) out of the earth; to revive or restore
indubitable
that cannot be doubted; certain; unquestionable
specious
apparently good or right though lacking real merit; superficial, deceptive
exposition
public exhibition or show; setting forth, explaining; exposure
brusque
abrupt in manner; blunt; rough
enigmatic
perplexing; mysterious
nebulous
hazy, vague, indistinct, or confused; cloud-like
effusive
excessively demonstrative; lacking reserve; pouring out
exorbitant
exceeding bounds of custom, propriety, or reason; highly excessive
adamant
unyielding in attitude or opinion in spite of all appeals, urgings, etc; unable to break-too hard.
infinitesimal
small; immeasurable small
abject
hopeless, miserable, humiliating; despicable, condemnable, shameful.
connoisseurs
person with knowledge/wisdom, esp. in fine arts; a person with discriminating taste.
abdication
renunciation (to renounce something)
reprieve
break
noxious
harmful or injurious to health or physical well-being; morally harmful, pernicious
peremptory
leaving no opportunity for denial or refusal; imperative
disparity
inequality; difference
augment
to make bigger
fastidiously
excessively demanding/critical; hard to please
transient
not lasting, enduring, or permanent; transitory
disingenuous
lacking in frankness, candor, or sincerity
poignancy
emotional, keen, a strong appeal.
obstreperously
resisting control or restraint in a difficult manner; unruly; noisy
exigently
requiring immediate action or aid; urgent; requiring a great deal
cursorily
going rapidly over something, without noticing details; hasty
ire
intense anger; wrath
gourmand
a person who is fond of good eating; often not picky and too excessive; a gourmet
ascetic
one who dedicates his or her life to a pursuit of contemplative ideals and practices extreme self-denial or self-mortification for religious reasons; one who wants to live an austere/bare life-SIMPLICITY.
impugn
to challenge; cast doubt upon
elocutionist
public speaking
pantomime
significant gesture without speech.
troubadour
writer/singer or love poems/songs
obtrusive
having or showing a disposition to obtrude(to thrust w/o invitation), as by imposing oneself or one's opinions on others.
dilatory
putting it off; procrastination
surrepitious
sneaky
extroverted
outgoing
prescient
foresight
improvident
lacking foresight; incautious; unwary; not providing for the future
sanguine
cheerfully optimistic, hopeful, or confident; blood.
facetious
not meant to be taken seriously or literally; amusing.
dogmatic
doctrinal; set of principles; opinionated
enigma
puzzling person/situation
vitriolic
very caustic; scathing; obtained/pertaining to vitriol (a sulfate)
fathoming
comprehend; to determine the depth of sound
doctrinaire
one who tries to apply doctrines; dogmatic
fractious
refractory or unruly; easily irritated
listless
languid; spiritless; indifferent; no show of interest in anything.
annul
to make void or null; abolish; obliterate; to cancel
quash
to put down or suppress completely; quell; to make void
exhumed
to dig (something buried, esp. a dead body) out of the earth; disinter; to revive, bring to light something neglected for some time.
paltry
meager
debunked
To expose or ridicule the falseness, sham, or exaggerated claims of.
farcical
joking
serendipitous
having made a fortunate discovery by accident
proficiency
skill
cacophony
harsh discordance of sound; dissonance
vicarious
performed, exercised, received, or suffered in place of another; substitute.
cavalier
careless
peripatetic
walking or traveling; itinerant
cogent
clear, precise
consummate
perfect; highest degree; superb.
unnerving
deprive of courage, strength, determination, or confidence; upset
sacrosanct
extremely sacred or inviolable
placid
pleasantly calm or peaceful
precocious
unusually advanced or mature in development, esp. mental development
fatalism
the acceptance of all things and events as inevitable; submission to fate
unctuous
slippery, greasy
desiccated
dried out
variegated
variety of colors
burnished
smooth
visceral
organs; instincts over intellectual; dealing with base emotions-crude.
lassitude
weariness
apathy
lack of caring
tonic
beneficial
salutary
beneficial
impartiality
fairness
dubiously
doubtful; hesistant
appriase
to estimate the value/worth of
banal
devoid of freshness or originality; trite
solicitous
anxious, concerned; eager; careful
vice
sexual immorality; immoral habit
contrition
sincere repentance or remorse