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80 Cards in this Set

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Three key points to Error ID's
1. There is never more than 1 error
2. Any underlined portion that you know is correct may be eliminated
3. 1/5 rule (3-4 of the 18)
Same Rules as Improving Sentences
Review! Parallelism.. Comparisons: apples and oranges..Collective nouns.. etc
Wrong Verb Form
Try to confuse you by making it sound good
Pronoun Ambiguity
there should never be any confusion about which noun a pronoun stands for.
Watch out for IT, THEY, and THIS
The team's research into an experimental treatment for diabetes made it... whats it?
If you see it or its- make sure it refers to something singular and you know Exactly what it is
If you see they, their, or them- plural
If you see this or that
Pronoun Case
Choosing whether to use me or I..
Subject case.. went to the store with.. Object case
I.. me
He.. him
She.. her
We.. us
They.. them
Who.. whom?
You.. you
Choosing between who and whom?
Rearrange the sentence and think whether you would use a subject pronoun like he or an object pronoun like him.. if you'd say "he" then who, if you'd say "him" then whom
"Between you and I"
Always incorrect!!
Should be between you and me
Sneaky Pronoun trick.. Claire likes raisins more than me/I
She likes them more than me or more than I like them?
Idioms: ... of
Capable of..
Composed
Desirous
In search
partake
Resentful
jealous
Threat
Consist
Height
Idioms.. to
Responsibility
cater
conform
intend
plan
oblivious
indebted
try
related
required
opposition
endeavor
resort
superior
contribution
compare
Idioms.. from
Buy from..
different
divergent
prohibit
separate
distinguish
transition
Idioms.. with
Afflicted
Argue
Comply
Consistent
Tamper
Associate
Preoccupied
Fascination
Popular
Contrast
Idioms.. over
dispute
debate
Idioms.. as
define
depict
see
regard
Idioms.. for
Provide
responsibility
qualifiy
reasons
Idioms.. about
Angry
Worried
Concerned
Idioms.. in
originate
Idioms.. that
conviction
surprising
notion
Idioms.. to be
estimated
appears
believed
require
Idioms.. (no preposition)
named
off
advocate
contest
protest
When vs. Which
When for time
Which for thing or iea
Ex: Photosynthesis is a process which/when..
Fewer vs. Less
Fewer: countable things
Less: uncountable things
Ex: Jim has lessl fewer reasons to..
Most vs. More
Most: more than 2 things
More: with 2 things
Ex: Of the two competeing theories,...one is the..more/most credible
Where?
for place
Ex: libertarianism is a political system where.. WRONG
Students which or Student who?
Students who
Between vs. Among
Between- 2 things
Among- more than 2 things
Between/Among the field of competitors..
Redundant
In the year 1948
(yr yr)
more busier
ETS Diction Word: Prospective
Prospective- likely to happen
Error ID Summary p. 319
Copy over
Object Case vs. Subject Case
Subject Case- use subject pronouns as subjects of verbs 1,he,she,we,they,who,you
Object Case- use object pronouns as objects of verbs and objects of prepositions
me,him,her,us,them,whom, you
Who did that work? It was him/he
He
He did that work
I've completed more assignments than they/them
They
then they have completed
You can count on Al and me/I to do a good job.
You can count on... me
It's me/I!
I
If anyone deserves recognition for their contribution, it is they/them.
they
they deserve recognition
Common Diction Errors
allusion vs. illusion
implicate vs. imply
perspective vs. prospective
describe vs. ascribe
allusion- indirect reference
illusion- perception
implicate- connect in criminal manner
imply- indicate
perspective- mental outlook
prospective- likely to happen
describe
ascribe- to attribute to
More Common Diction Errors
Devious vs. Diverse
Deduce vs. Induce
Consciousness vs. conscience
Compliment vs. complement
elude vs. allude
Devious- shady
Diverse
deduce- conclude to
Induce- bring about or cause
Consciousness- state of being awake
Conscience- moral
Compliment
Complement- completes other part
Elude- to escape
Allude- to refer to
Wrong?
Michael later discovered that Melissa and he were the only people in the class to score higher than...
nothing!
he is correct because it could have been.. he was the only person
What's Wrong?
Everyone on the softball team who came up to bat squinted at the pitcher so as to keep the glare of the sun out of their eyes.
Their
Everyone is singular
indebted.. you
to
resentful.. you
of
jealous...
of
different..
from
dispute..
over or with
books fell off.. the wall
NOTHING
defined..
as
responsibility..
to
responsible..
for
depicted..
as
named.. president of her class
NOTHING
planning..
to
try..
to
intends..
to
not only idioms, ...
but also
just as happy to test..
as
not so much a question of rules, ...
as it is memorizing the idioms
be achieved..
by
Just as this will improve your essay, .
so too
..modern standards, some of these rules
By
Both Carin... Graham
and
either one..
or
neither John..
nor
to determine..
whether
So intense..
that
No sooner had I finished...
than
...seeing the last one, I heaved a sigh, but reconciled myself..the fact
Upon.. to
I prefer green tea...coffee
to
coffee contains four times more antioxidants... green tea does
than
is certainly no more flavorful..
than
firm evidence.. suport the claim..
to .. that
contains from two..
to .. five
as much caffeine..
as
This list is so thorough... exhaustive
AS TO BE
debate..
over
appears..
to be
just as..
so too
capable..
of
compare..
to
afflicted..
with
regard..
as