Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/247

Click to flip

247 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
assertion(n)
1.The act of asserting.
2.Something declared or stated positively, often with no support or attempt at proof.
clarity(n)
1.Clearness of appearance
2.Clearness of thought or style; lucidity
cogent(adj)
1.Appealing to the intellect or powers of reasonming; convincing
coherent(adj)
1.Sticking together; cohering.
2.Marked by an orderly, logical, and aesthetically consistent relation of parts
cohesive(n)
1.The act, process, or condition of cohering
didactic(adj)
1.Intended to instruct
2.Dictate
discourse(n)
1.Verbal expression in speech or writing.
2.Verbal exchange; conversation.
eloquence(n)
1.Persuasive, powerful discourse.
2.The quality of persuasive, powerful expression
fluid(adj)
1.Smooth
implication(n)
1.The act of implicating or the condition of being implicated
lucid(adj)
1.Easily understood; clear
pundit(n)
1.A source of opinion; a critic
rhetoric(n)
1.The art or study of using language effectively and persuasively
arbiter(n)
1.One chosen or appointed to judge or decide a disputed issue; an arbitrator; judge
biased(n)
1.A preference or an inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment
2.Favortism
exculpate(v)
1.To clear of guilt or blame
impartial(adj)
1.Not partial or biased; unprejudiced
incontrovertible(adj)
1.Impossible to dispute; unquestionable
integrity(n)
1.Quality of being honest and upright in character
jurisprudence(n)
1.The philosophy or science of law
objectivity(n)
1.The state or quality of being objective
penitent(adj)(n)
1.Feeling or expressing remorse for one's misdeeds or sins
plausible(adj)
1.Seemingly or apparently valid, likely, or acceptable; credible
substantiated(v)
1.To support with proof or evidence; verify
vindicated(v)
1.To clear of accusation, blame, suspicion, or doubt with supporting arguments or proof
condescending(v)
1.To descend to the level of one considered inferior; lower oneself
contemptuous(adj)
1.Manifesting or feeling contempt; scornful
despotic(n)
1.A ruler with absolute power;tyrant
dictatorial(adj)
1.Tending to dictate
disdain(v)
1.To regard or treat with haughty contempt; despise
haughty(adj)
1.Scornfully and condescendingly proud
imperious(adj)
1,Arrogantly domineering or overbearing;dictorial
patronizing(v)
1.To act as a patron to; support or sponsor
convoluted(adj)
1.Having numerous overlapping coils or folds
2.Intricate; complicated
cryptic(adj)
1.Having hidden meaning; mystifying
futile(adj)
1.Having no useful result;idle
impede(v)
1.To retard or obstruct the progress of;hinder
obscure(adj)
1.Deficient in light; dark
quandary(n)
1.A state of uncertainty or perplexity;predicament
dilatory(adj)
1.Intended to delay
indolent(adj)
1.lazy
2.Causing little or no pain
insipid(adj)
1.Lacking flavor or interest
listless(adj)
1.Lacking energy or disinclined to exert effort
torpor(n)
1.A state of mental or physical inactivity or insensibility
alienated(v)
1.To cause to become unfriendly or hostile
alliance(n)
1.A close association of nations or other groups
disparity(n)
1.The condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degree; difference
servile(adj)
1.Abjectly submissive; slavish
suppressed(v)
1.To put an end to forcibly; subdue
embellish(v)
1.To make beautiful, as by ornamentation; decorate
florid(adj)
1.Flushed with rosy color; ruddy
2.Very ornate; flowery
opulent(adj)
1.Possessing or exhibiting great wealth; affluent
2.Characterized by rich abundance; luxuriant
ornate(adj)
1.Elaborately, heavily, and often excessively ornamented;florid
ostentatious(adj)
1.Characterized by or given to ostentation; pretentious;showy
poignant(adj)
1.Physically painful
2.Piercing; incisive
3.Neat, skillful, and to the point
ebullience(n)
1.Zestful enthusiasm
effusive(adj)
1.Unrestrained or excessive in emotional expression;gushy
2.Profuse; overflowing
egregious(adj)
1.Conspicuously bad or offensive
flagrant(adj)
1.Conspicuously bad, offensive
frenetic(adj)
1.Wildly excited or active; frantic; frenzied
gratuitous(adj)
1.Given or granted without return or recompense; unearned
superfluous(adj)
1.Being beyond what is required or sufficient
alleviate(v)
1.relieve
asylum(n)
1.An institution for the care of people, especially those with physical or mental impairments, who require organized supervision or assistance
2.A place offering protection and safety; a shelter
auspicious(adj)
1.Marked by success; prosperous
2.Favorable
benevolent(adj)
1.Characterized by or suggestive of doing good
benign(adj)
1.kind
emollient(adj)
1.Softening and soothing, especially to the skin
mollify(v)
1.Softening and soothing, especially to the skin
2.Pacify
reclamation(n)
1.The act or process of reclaiming
sanction(n)
2.Permission
dubious(adj)
1.doubtful,uncertainty,undecided
fabricated(v)
1.To make; create
hypocrisy(n)
1.The practice of professing beliefs, feelings, or virtues that one does not hold or possess; falseness
slander(n)
1. false and malicious statement or report about someone
spurious(adj)
1.false
astute(adj)
1.Having or showing shrewdness and discernment, especially with respect to one's own concerns;shrewed
camouflage(n)
1.blending in
clandestine(adj)
1.Kept or done in secret, often in order to conceal an illicit or improper purpose
coup(n)
1.A brilliantly executed stratagem; a triumph
disingenuous(adj)
1.Not straightforward
ruse(n)
1.trick, cunning
stratagem(n)
1.A clever, often underhanded scheme for achieving an objective
surreptitiously(adj)
1.secert
wary(adj)
1.On guard; watchful
wily(adj)
1.deceptive
ambiguous(adj)
1.Open to more than one interpretation
2.Uncertain,doubtful
ambivalent(adj)
1.The coexistence of opposing attitudes or feelings, such as love and hate, toward a person, object, or idea
apathetic(adj)
1.Feeling or showing a lack of interest or concern; indifferent
2.Feeling or showing little or no emotion; unresponsive
arbitrary(adj)
1.Determined by chance, whim, or impulse, and not by necessity, reason, or principle
2.Preference
capricious(adj)
1.Impulsive and unpredictable
equivocate(v)
1. To lie
indifferent(adj)
1.Having no particular interest or concern; apathetic
2.Having no marked feeling for or against
spontaneous(adj)
1.Happening or arising without apparent external cause; self-generated
whimsical(adj)
1.Impulsive and unpredictable
inconsequential(adj)
1.Lacking importance
superficial(adj)
1. fake
tenuous(adj)
1.Long and thin; slender
2.Dilute
trivial(adj)
1.Of little significance or value
assiduous(adj)
1.Constant in application or attention; diligent;busy
compelling(v)
1.To force, drive, or constrain
diligent(adj)
1. busy
dogged(v)
1.To track or trail persistently
endure(v)
1.To carry on through, despite hardships; undergo
intrepid(adj)
1.Resolutely courageous; fearless;brave
maverick(n)
1.An unbranded range animal
2.One that refuses to abide by the dictates of or resists adherence to a group; a dissenter
obdurate(adj)
1.Hardened against feeling
obstinate(adj)
1.Stubbornly adhering to an attitude, opinion, or course of action; obdurate
2.Difficult to manage, control, or subdue; refractory
3.Difficult to alleviate or cure
proliferate(v)
1.To grow or multiply by rapidly producing new tissue, parts, cells, or offspring
tenacity(n)
1.cohesive
vitality(n)
1.The capacity to live, grow, or develop
assimilation(n)
1. The act of resembling
consensus(n)
1.An opinion or position reached by a group as a whole
context(n)
1.The part of a text or statement that surrounds a particular word or passage and determines its meaning
2.The circumstances in which an event occurs; a setting
derived(v)
1.To obtain or receive from a source
incumbent(adj)
1.Imposed as an obligation or duty
inevitable(adj)
1.Impossible to avoid or prevent;certain
malleable(adj)
1.Capable of being shaped or formed, as by hammering or pressure
subdue(v)
1.To conquer and subjugate; vanquish;defeat
acquired(v)
1. To obtain
conception(n)
1.forming
conviction(n)
1.The state of being found or proved guilty
dogmatic(adj)
1.arrogant
enlightening(v)
1.To give information to; inform or instruct
impression(n)
1.An effect, feeling, or image retained as a consequence of experience
intuition(n)
1.reason
misconception(n)
1.A mistaken thought, idea, or notion; a misunderstanding
perception(n)
1.The process, act, or faculty of perceiving
perspective(n)
1.point of view
profound(adj)
1.Situated at, extending to, or coming from a great depth; deep
2.absolute
elusive(adj)
1.Tending to elude capture, perception, comprehension, or memory
innate(adj)
1.Possessed at birth; inborn
inveterate(adj)
1.Firmly and long established; deep-rooted
omnipotent(adj)
1.Having unlimited or universal power, authority, or force; all-powerful
proximity(n)
1.The state, quality, sense, or fact of being near or next; closeness
emigrate(v)
1.migrate
transient(adj)
1.Passing with time; transitory
2.Remaining in a place only a brief time
transitory(adj)
1.Existing or lasting only a short time; short-lived or temporary
affable(adj)
1.Easy and pleasant to speak to; approachable
2.Gentle and gracious
amenable(adj)
1.Responsive to advice, authority, or suggestion; willing
camaraderie(n)
1.Goodwill and lighthearted rapport between or among friends; comradeship
cordial(adj)
1.Warm and sincere; friendly
facetious(adj)
1.Playfully jocular; humorous
impinge(v)
1.To collide or strike(trespass)
lament(v)
1.To express grief for or about; mourn
melancholy(n)
1.Sadness or depression of the spirits; gloom
contemporary(adj)
1.Belonging to the same period of time
truncated(adj)
1.To shorten
aesthetic(adj)
1.Of or concerning the appreciation of beauty or good taste
anthology(n)
1.A collection of literary pieces, such as poems, short stories, or plays
dilettante(n)
1.Amateur
timorous(adj)
1.Full of apprehensiveness; timid
trepidation(n)
1.A state of alarm or dread; apprehension
2.Fear
innovative(adj)
1.The act of introducing something new
navie(adj)
1.Lacking worldly experience and understanding
nascent(adj)
1.Coming into existence; emerging
novel(adj)
1.Strikingly new, unusual, or different
novice(n)
1.A beginner
candor(n)
1.Frankness or sincerity of expression; openness
frank(adj)
1.Open and sincere in expression; straightforward
arid(adj)
1.Lacking moisture, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or woody plants
2.Lacking interest or feeling; lifeless and dull
conflagration(n)
1.A large destructive fire
nocturnal(adj)
1.Of, relating to, or occurring in the night
sonorous(adj)
1.Having or producing sound
ample(adj)
1.Of large or great size, amount, extent, or capacity
comprehensive(adj)
1.So large in scope or content as to include much
copious(adj)
1.Plentiful
permeated(v)
1.To spread or flow throughout; pervade
pervasive(adj)
1.Having the quality or tendency to pervade or permeate
prodigious(adj)
1.Impressively great in size, force, or extent; enormous
replete(adj)
1.Abundantly supplied
exemplary(adj)
1.Worthy of imitation; commendable
idealize(v)
1.To regard as ideal.
laudatory(adj)
1.Expressing or conferring praise
paramount(adj)
1.Of chief concern or importance
venerated(v)
1.To regard with respect, reverence, or heartfelt deference
catalog(n)
1.A list
facile(adj)
1.Done or achieved with little effort or difficulty; easy
fastidious(adj)
1.Possessing or displaying careful, meticulous attention to detail
2.Difficult to please; exacting
hierarchy(n)
1.A body of persons having authority.
meticulous(adj)
1.Extremely careful and precise
pragmatic(adj)
1.Practical
solvent(adj)
1.Capable of meeting financial obligations
2.Capable of dissolving substance
abstract(adj)
1. Not practical
apparatus(n)
1.An appliance or device for a particular purpose
paradigm(jn)
1.One that serves as a pattern or model
2.A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices
phenomenon(n)
1.An observable event
rational(adj)
1.Having or exercising the ability to reason
theoretical(adj)
1.Of, relating to, or based on theory
cartographer(n)
1.The art or technique of making maps or charts
vocation(n)
1.A regular occupation, especially one for which a person is particularly suited or qualified
eclectic(adj)
1.Selecting or employing individual elements from a variety of sources, systems, or styles
excerpt(n)
1. passage or segment taken from a longer work, such as a literary or musical composition, a document, or a film
genre(n)
1.A type or class
medley(n)
1.An often jumbled assortment; a mixture
mural(n)
1.A very large image, such as a painting or enlarged photograph, applied directly to a wall or ceiling
narrative(n)
1.A narrated account; a story
parody(n)
1.A literary or artistic work that imitates the characteristic style of an author or a work for comic effect or ridicule
realism(n)
1.An inclination toward literal truth and pragmatism
virtuoso(n)
1.A musician with masterly ability, technique, or personal style
decorous(adj)
1.Characterized by or exhibiting decorum; proper
equanimity(n)
1.The quality of being calm and even-tempered; composure
modest(adj)
1.Having or showing a moderate estimation of one's own talents, abilities, and value
propriety(n)
1.The quality of being proper; appropriateness
prudent(adj)
1.Wise in handling practical matters; exercising good judgment or common sense
serene(adj)
1.Unaffected by disturbance; calm and unruffled
staid(adj)
1.Characterized by sedate dignity and often a strait-laced sense of propriety; sober
2.Fixed, permanent
3.Serious
stoic(n)
1.One who is seemingly indifferent to or unaffected by joy, grief, pleasure, or pain
condemn(v)
1.To express strong disapproval of
2.To pronounce judgment against; sentence
discredit(v)
1.To damage in reputation; disgrace
disparage(v)
1.To speak of in a slighting or disrespectful way; belittle
pejorative(adj)
1.Tending to make or become worse
2.Disparaging; belittling
plagiarism(n)
1.The act of plagiarizing
vilify(v)
1.To make vicious and defamatory statements about
brusque(adj)
1.Abrupt and curt in manner or speech; discourteously blunt
caustic(adj)
1.Capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action
feral(adj)
1.Existing in a wild or untamed state
fractious(adj)
1.Inclined to make trouble; unruly
incorrigible(adj)
1.Incapable of being corrected or reformed
ingrate(n)
1.An ungrateful person
insolent(adj)
1.Presumptuous and insulting in manner or speech; arrogant
notorious(adj)
1.Known widely and usually unfavorably; infamous
pugnacious(adj)
1.Inclined or eager to fight; hostile or aggressive
reprehensible(adj)
1.Deserving rebuke or censure; blameworthy
brittle(adj)
1.Likely to break, snap, or crack, as when subjected to pressure
deleterious(adj)
1.Having a harmful effect; injurious
enmity(n)
1.Deep-seated, often mutual hatred
heinous(adj)
1.Grossly wicked or reprehensible; abominable
malfeasance(n)
1.Misconduct or wrongdoing, epecially by a public official.
malice(n)
1.A desire to harm others or to see others suffer; extreme ill will or spite
putrid(adj)
1.Decomposed and foul-smelling; rotten
rancorous(n)
1.Bitter, long-lasting resentment; deep-seated ill will;enmity
toxic(adj)
1.Poisonous
archaic(adj)
1.No longer current or applicable; antiquated;old
hackneyed(adj)
1.Overfamiliar through overuse; trite
medieval(adj)
1.Relating or belonging to the Middle Ages
obsolete(adj)
1.No longer in use
austere(adj)
1.Strict or severe in discipline
mediocrity(n)
1.Moderate to inferior in quality; ordinary
mundane(adj)
1.Worldly rather than spiritual
ponderous(adj)
1.Having great weight
prosaic(adj)
1.Matter-of-fact; straightforward
2.Lacking in imagination and spirit; dull
sedentary(adj)
1.Characterized by or requiring much sitting
apprehension(n)
1.Fearful or uneasy anticipation of the future; dread
2.The act of seizing or capturing; arrest
3.The ability to apprehend or understand; understanding
harbinger(n)(v)
1.One that indicates or foreshadows what is to come; a forerunner
2.To signal the approach of; presage.
ominous(adj)
1.Menacing; threatening
premonition(n)
1.A presentiment of the future; a foreboding
2.A warning in advance; a forewarning