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64 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Baikonour Cosmodrome is the largest space-launch center in the world
Baikonour is the site of several historic space flights.
In 1957, the first artificial satellite was launched from Baikonour
In 1961, the first mission to put a human in space blasted off from Baikonour
In 2003, the Mars Express was launched from Baikonour
The Mars Express was a European mission to send a spacecraft to Mars.
Baikonour is located in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan is the largest country in Central Asia
Kazakhstan is the northernmost country in Central Asia.
Afghanistan froms the southern border of Central Asia
Except for Afghanistan, the countries of Central Asia were once part of the Soviet Union.
Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan were once part of the Soviet Union
The three main physical features of Central Asia are highlands, deserts and steppes.
Steppes are vast, mostly level, treeless plains covered with grassland vegetation
The mountains are in the southeastern part of the region.
The Tian Shan and Pamir mountain ranges cover much of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Tian Shan mountain range covers much of Tajikstan, Kyrgyzstan and extends into China.
The Pamir mountain ranges cover much of Tajikistan and extends into Afghanistan.
The Pamir mountain ranges meet the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan.
Much of the land in Turkmenistan are covered by the Kara Kum desert.
Much of the land in Uzbekistan is covered by the Kyzyl Kum desert.
The Kirghiz Steppe is located in Kazakhstan.
Most of Central Asia has a dry climate.
A wide band of semiarid land surrounds the arid region.
The arid areas receive less precipitation than the semiarid areas.
There are two bodies of water in the dry region of Central Asia.
The two bodies of water are the Caspian Sea and the Aral Sea.
The Caspian Sea is the largest lake in the world.
The Caspian Sea is a salt lake.
The Caspian Sea has some of the world's largest oil reserves.
The Aral Sea is located in the interior of Kazakhstan.
The Aral Sea is also a salt lake.
The Aral Sea was once the fourth-largest inland lake in the world.
In the 1960s, the Soviet Union started a huge irrigation project to bring water to Central Asia.
They took water from the Amu Darya and Sry Darya rivers that fed the Aral Sea to irrigate crops.
As a result, the Aral Sea began to dry up.
The Soviet Union began the irrigation project to increase cotton production.
Canals were built to carry fresh water from the Amu Darya and Sry Darya rivers to irrigate the cotton fields.
The Amu Darya and Sry Darya rivers flow into the Aral Sea.
Between 1960 and 1980, cotton production in the Soviet Union more than tripled.
The irrigation projects turned Central Asia into a leading cotton producer.
The irrigation projects caused major damage to the Aral Sea.
Heavy irrigation to water crops contributed to the destruction of the Aral Sea.
Cotton raised in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikstan depended on irrigation
Over the decades, heavy irrigation has taken large amounts of water from the Amu Darya and Sry Darya rivers.
As a result, the Aral Sea began to dry up because there was less water in the Amu Darya and Sry Darya rivers.
Huge quantities of pesticides were used on the cotton crops.
These chemicals have polluted the soil.
The destruction of the Aral Sea has been called one of the world's worst environmental disasters.
Petroleum is a major natural resource in Central Asia.
Natural gas is another major resource in Central Asia.
Petroleum and natural gas are two major resources in Central Asia.
Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan have large oil and gas resources.
Turkmenistan has the fifth-largest reserve of natural gas in the world.
Kazakhstan has rich deposits of coal.
Kazakhstan exports a lot of coal to Russia, Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan.
Kazakhstan is also the largest exporter of coal to other former Soviet republics.
Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan are important gold producers.
Other major mineral resources in the region are copper, iron ore, lead and uranium.
Most of the land in Central Asia is used for agriculture, especially livestock raising and commercial farming.
Cotton is a major crop in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
Agriculture in Central Asia depends on irrigation.
Highlands, deserts, steppes and a generally dry climate are Central Asia's main physical features.
Much of the region is located inland.