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65 Cards in this Set

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oasis - an area in a desert region where fresh water is usually available from an underground spring or well
petroleum - an oily liquid formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals; a fuel
nonrenewable resource - a natural resource that cannot be quickly replaced once it is used
standard of living - a measurement of a person's or a group's education, housing, health, and nutrition
The Rub' al-Khali, or "Empty Quarter" is the largest all-sand desert in the world
The Rub' al Khali is in the Arabian Peninsula
The sand dunes do not stay in one place -- they gradually move as they are blown by the wind
Ten years may pass between rainfalls
Many parts of Southwest Asia receive little rain.
Water is very valuable in Southwest Asia
Southwest Asia contains some of Earth's largest deserts
Some of the region's deserts are covered with sand. In others, the land is strewn with pebbles, gravel and boulders
Sometimes, an oasis can support a community of people because farmers can grow crops and Nomadic shepherds can raise livestock.
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The two most important rivers in Southwest Asia are theTigris and Euphrates rivers
Some of the most fertile soil in the world lies along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
The Tigris and Euphrates rivers begin in the mountains of Turkey and flow south through Iraq
The Tigris and Euphrates rivers are in Turkey and Iraq
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The Tigris and Euphrates rivers join to form the Shatt-al-Arah
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The Shatt-al-Arah flows into the Persian Gulf
The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers was known as Mesopotamia.
Turkey and Iran have mountains
The Zagros Mountains and the Elburz Mountains are in Iran.
Much of the land of Southwest Asia borders bodies of water that separate countries within the region
The bodies of water also separate Southewst Asia from other regions
Red Sea - separates Southest Asia and Africa
Mediterranean Sea form Southwest Asia's western border
Black Sea forms Turkey's northern border
Caspian Sea forms part of the boundary between Southwest Asia and Central Asia.
Persian Gulf separates Iran from the Arabian Peninsula
Baghdad is Iraq's capital.
A mosque is an Islamic place of worship
Desert land covers much of Southwest Asia
One major desert in Southwest Asia is Rub' al-Khali
One mountain range in Southwest Asia is Zagros Mountains
Two seas in Southwest Asia are the Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea
Nearly two thirds of Southwest Asia is desert
Most of Southwest Asia has an arid or a semiarid climate
Much of the region receives less than 10 inches of rain each year
Irrigation systems are important to grow crops in this dry region
People in Saudi Arabia irrigate their crops by pumping water from deep underground wells
A Mediterranean climate has hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters
The coasts of the Mediterranean, Black and Caspian seas and the mountainous areas of the region have a Mediterranean climate.
Petroleum and water are the two most important natural resources in Southwest Asia
Petroleum is a major export for Saudi Arabia
Petroleum is the source of gasoline and other fuels.
Petroleum is the natural resource that brings the most money into Southwest Asia
The water in the region must be used carefully because much of Southwest Asia has a dry climate.
Southwest Asia is the largest oil-producing region in the world
Petroleum is Southwest Asia's greatest export
Oil wealth allows many Southwest Asian countries to increase the standard of living of their people
These countries have enough money to build schools and hospitals and to import goods from other countries
The countries in Southwest Asia that have no oil have a lower standard of living because they do not have the income that pertroleum brings.
Petroleum is also called oil
Saudi Arabia has no permanent rivers
Saudi Arabia has wadis which are stream beds that may hold water when seasonal rains fall but are dry much of the year
The nations of Southwest Asia have continued to build irrigation systems
Too much irrigation can use up the water that is available
When a river runs through more than one nation, each nation is affected by the others' irrigation systems
People use the land in Southwest Asia in three major ways: for agriculture, for nomadic herding and for producing oil
In Israel, citrus fruits,cotton, peanuts and sugar cane are raised
In Turkey, wheat, barley,cotton, sugar beets, fruits, olives and corn are grown
Bedouins are Arabic-speaking nomadic herders that live in the desert herding camels, goats, and sheep
Bedouins do not settle in one place. They move over a large area of land seeking grass and water for their animals
Bedouins make up about 10 percent of the population of Southwest Asia
Settlement policies of countries have forced many Bedouins to settle in one place.