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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Arizona Court System Courts
Municipal Court
Justice of the Peace Court
Superior Court
Arizona Court of Appeals
Arizona Supreme Court
Municipal Court
1. Original trial jurisdiction of cases involving violations of city or town ordinances.
2. Original jurisdiction of misdemeanor criminal cases that occur within the city limits.
3. No jurisdiction in felony cases.
4. Many issue some civil orders: Orders of Protection and Injunctions Prohibiting Harassment.
Justice of the Peace Court (JP court)
1. Original jurisdiction of on most misdemeanors, usually the trial court for misdemeanor cases from county sheriff deputies and D.P.S.
2. Preliminary hearings on felony cases.
3. Can hear civil claims seeking damages up to $10,000.
4. Issues warrants and civil processes such as evictions.
5. Performs marriages, but not divorces.
Superior Court
1. Concurrent jurisdiction on misdemeanors; original jurisdiction on felonies.
2. Appeals court for justice and city courts.
3. Administers the county probation programs.
4. Handles civil litigation in cases where the damages being sought exceed $5,000.
5. Handles all juvenile court and family law matters.
Arizona Court of Appeal
1. Handles appeals for superior court.
2. Has no original jurisdiction.
3. Appeal process consists primarily of a review of the lower court transcripts, briefs and arguments from attorneys representing the parties.
Arizona Supreme Court
1. Highest appellate jurisdiction in the state.
2. Original jurisdiction over disputes between counties.
3. Appeal process consists mainly of a review of the lower court transcripts, briefs and arguments from attorneys representing the parties.
Federal Court System
U.S. District Court
U.S. Court of Appeals
U.S. Supreme Court
U.S. District Court
Trial court with jurisdiction of federal offenses
U.S. Court of Appeals
1. Handles appeals from U.S. district courts.
2. Has no original jurisdiction.
3. Appeals consist of a review of the lower court transcripts, briefs and arguments from attorneys representing the parties.
U.S. Supreme Court
1. Power and authority derived from the U.S. Constitution.
2. Has final jurisdiction on questions involving the U.S. Constitution.
3. Has original jurisdiction on treason, Admiralties.
4. Appellate jurisdiction from lower federal courts and from state supreme courts if federal issues are involved.
Written statement of the initial facts constituting a public offense made under oath before a magistrate.
A written statement charging the commission of a crime, signed presented to the court by a prosecutor.
A written statement charging the commission of a crime presented to the court by the grand jury.
Initial Appearance
Occurs within 24 hours of an arrest, determines identity of accused advises of charges and rights to counsel and to remain silent determines eligibility for appointed counsel and bail.
Grand Jury
A group of 12 to 16 people on the jury . 9 are required for a quorum acts as investigative body for the county attorney.
Preliminary Hearing
(probable cause hearings) not a criminal prosecution no determination of guilt or innocence held to determine whether a crime has been committed and if there is probable cause to believe the defendant committed it.
The security given for the due appearance of a prisoner in order to obtain his release from custody. Bail is security in cash.
Same as Bail except bond is security made by providing a lien against property.
Where the defendant pleads and may contest his terms of release.
Omnibus Hearing
Held to decide all preliminary matters that have not been decided prior to trial
The disclosure of evidence by the prosecution and defense prior to trial.
Plea Agreement
Allows the defendant to plea to a lesser charge or an agreed upon range of sentencing, in exchange for dismissal of the original, more serious charge
Adult Diversion
In some cases adults can be diverted from the criminal process into programs that involve treatment and/or restitution.
Juvenile Transfer
Allows juveniles to be charged as adults in some cases
Where the trial takes place
The power of a judge to hear a particular case also the authority of a peace officer to act in a given situation.