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17 Cards in this Set

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Chapter 10 of Arizona Revised Statutes covers what?
Preparatory Offenses
Attempt
ARS 13-1001
Intentionally engages in conduct which would constitute an offense if the attendant circumstances were as such person believes them to be...

Attempt is Minus ONE
Solicitation
ARS 13-1002
A person, other than a peace officer...
... with the intention to promote or facilitate the commission of a felony or misdemeanor, such person commands, encourages, requests or solicits another person to engage in specific conduct which would constitute a felony or misdemeanor or which would establish the other's complicity in its commission.

Solicitation it Minus TWO
Conspiracy
ARS 13-1003

a person commits conspiracy if , with the intent to promote or aid the commission of an offense, such person agrees with one or more persons that at least one of them or another person will engage in conduct constituting the offense and one of the parties commits an overt act in furtherance of the offense, except that an overt act shall not be required if the object of the conspiracy was to commit a felony upon the person of another , or to commit an offense under section 13-1508 (Burglary in the first degree) or 13-1704 (Arson of an occupied structure)...

Conspiracy is the same as the crime
Facilitation
ARS 13-1004

A person commits facilitation if , acting with knowledge that another person is committing or intends to commit an offense, the person knowingly provides the other person with means or opportunity for the commission of the offense...

Facilitation is a Minus FOUR
Renunciation of attempt
ARS 13-1005

In a prosecution for attempt, conspiracy or facilitation, it is a defense that the defendant, under circumstances manifesting a voluntary and complete renunciation of his criminal intent, gave timely warning to law enforcement authorities or otherwise made a reasonable effort to prevent the conduct or result which is the object of the attempt, conspiracy or facilitation.
Chapter 11
Homicide
Define Premeditation
Premeditation- means that the defendant acts with either the intention or the knowledge that he/she will kill another human being, when such intention or knowledge precedes the killing by a length of time to permit reflection.

Premeditation is the element which distinguishes first-degree murder from second degree murder.
Define Homicide
Homicide- means first or second degree murder, manslaughter or negligent homicide.
Define
Person
Person- means a human being
Define
Adequate provocation
Adequate provocations-Means conduct or circumstances sufficient to deprive a reasonable person of self control
Negligent Homicide
ARS 13-1102

A person commits negligent homicide if with criminal negligence such person causes the death of another person

Class 4 Felony
Manslaughter
ARS 13-1103

A person commits manslaughter by
Recklessly causing the death of another person
or
Committing second degree murder upon a sudden quarrel or heat of passion resulting from adequate provocation by the victim.
or
Intentionally aiding another to commit suicide.
or
Committing second degree murder while being coerced to do so by the use, or threatened immediate use, of unlawful deadly physical force upon such person or a third person which a reasonable person in his/her situation would have been unable to resist.
or
Knowingly or recklessly causing the death or an unborn child at any stage of its development by any physical injury to the mother of such child which would be murder if the death of the mother had occurred.

Manslaughter is a Class 2 Felony
The major difference between manslaughter and negligent homicide is
Recklessness
Second-Degree Murder
ARS 13-1104

A person commits second-degree murder if without premeditation:
Such person intentionally causes the death of another person
or
Knowing that his/her conduct will cause death or serious physical injury, such person causes the death or another person
or
Under circumstances manifesting extreme indifference to human life, such person recklessly engages in conduct which creates a grave risk of death and thereby causes the death of another person

Second-Degree murder is a Class 1 Felony
The major difference between first and second degree murder is.
the presence or absence of premeditation.
First-Degree Murder
ARS 13-1105

A person commits first-degree murder if:
Intending or knowing that his/her conduct will cause death, such person causes the death of another with premeditation
or
(paraphrased) if in the furtherance of certain crimes commits the murder "The Felony murder Rule"