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49 Cards in this Set

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What are the two types of hulls?
Planing and Displacement
What type of hull rides above the water with increasing speed?
A planing hull.
What type of hull pushes water away?
A displacement hull.
What is the formula for the speed limit of a boat with a displacement hull?
1.34 times the square root of the length of the hull at the water line.
What are the two types of single-hulled boats?
Deep water and
Shoal boats
What are the two types of deep water boats?
Heavy full keel boats and
Narrow deep keel boats
Which is harder to turn and maneuver, a heavy full keel boat or a narrow deep keel boat?
The heavy full keel boat.
How much may the draft of a narrow deep keel boat be?
Nine feet.
What is a Masthead Sloop?
Both the mainsail and the jib go to the top of the mast.
What is a Fractional Sloop?
The mainsail goes to the top of the mast, but the jib stops short of the stop of the mast.
Name two two-masted boats.
Yawl and Ketch
Give two meanings for "luffing".
1) The flapping of the whole sail, flogging (2) The forming of a "bubble" in the front part ( near the luff ) of a sail.
Define "harden up" or "head up"
Change the boat's course toward the wind
Define "Head Down"
Change the boat's course away from the wind.
What is a "Stand On Vessel"?
The boat which does not change course and has the right of way.
What is a Give-Way Vessel
The boat which changes course because it does not have the right of way.
Give three meaning of "Tack"
1) The front lower corner of the sail. (2) A direction of sail - i.e. a starboard tack. (3) Coming About.
Give two meanings of 'Helm'
(1) The tiller or wheel of the boat. (2) The tendency of the boat to head windward or leeward.
Give two meanings of "Draft"
1) The greatest depth the boat, from the waterline to the end of the keel (2) The position of the greatest depth of the bend of a sail.
What is a tiller?
A spar attached to the rudder.
If you turn the wheel to port, which way will the boat turn?
Port
If you turn the rudder to port, which way will the boat go?
Starboard
What is the name of the post to which the wheel is attached?
Binnancle
Name the 5 components of the standing rigging.
Shroud, headers, headstay, backstay and boom topping lift.
Lines or cables which give lateral stability to the mast.
Shroud
Horizontal spars which spread the shrouds from the mast.
Spreaders
A line or cable which supports the mast from the bow of the boat.
Headstay
A headstay that does not reach the top of the mast.
Forstay.
A line or cable which supports the mast from the stern of the boat.
Backstay
A line which extends from the boom to the mast.
Boom topping lift.
What is the Running Rigging?
Lines which control and adjust the sails.
Name the 5 components of the Running Rigging.
Halyard, Sheet, Boom Vang, Outhaul and Reefing Line
A line used to raise a sail.
Halyard
The chief line which is used to adjust a sail against the force of the wind.
Sheet
What are the jib's two sheets?
Working & Lazy
A line which places downward tension on the boom.
Boom Vang
Places backward tension on the clew of the mainsail. When tightened it will flatten the lower one-third of the mainsail.
Outhaul
A line used to shorten the sail.
Reefing Line
The smaller aft mast on a yawl or ketch.
Mizzen (Jigger)
What is a Chain Plate?
A metal plate to which a shroud is attached.
Name three types of Cleat
Horn cleat, cam cleat and clam cleat
Name three types of jibs in order of size.
Genoa Jib, Working Jib, Storm Jib
What is a Spinnaker?
A large balloon sail attached to the mast at the front of the boat. It is used when running with the wind.
Bottom aft (back) corner of the sail.
Clew
A grommet or metal ring in a sail though which a line is usually attached.
Cringle
Give two definitions of 'luff'.
1) The forward edge of the sail. (2) The flapping of a sail when it is not trimmed properly.
The aft or back edge of the sail
Leech
The part of the sail which extends aft from a line running from the sail's head to the clew.
Roach
Plastic or wooden slats inserted in the leech of the mainsail to help stabilize the roach
Battens