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58 Cards in this Set

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The transfer of disease or cancerous lesions from one organ or part not directly connected.
Bone metastases
Inflammation of the bursae or fluid-filled sacs enclosing the joint; generally involves the formation of calcification in associated tendons, causing pain and limitation of joint movement.
Bursitis
A common painful disorder of the wrist and hand resulting from compression of the median nerve as it passes through the center of the wrist.
Carpal tunnel syndrome
A break in the structure of the bone caused by a force(direct or indirect)
Fracture
Fracture and dislocation of the posterior lip of the distal radius involving the wrist joint.
Barton's fracture
Fracture of the base of the first metacarpal bone, extending into the carpometacarpal joint, complicated by subluxation with some posterior displacement.
Bennett's fracture
A transverse fracture extending through the metacarpal neck; most commonly seen in the fifth metacarpal.
Boxer's fracture
A transverse fracture of the distal radius with the distal fragment being displaced posteriorly.
Colles' fracture
A transverse fracture of the distal radius with the distal fragment being displaced anteriorly.
Smith's fracture
Accumulated fluid in the joint cavity.
Joint effusion
The transfer of disease or cancerous lesions form one organ or part not directly connected.
Bone metastasis
Inflammation of the bursae or fluid-filled sacs enclosing the joints.
Bursitis
A common painful disorder of the wrist and hand resulting from compression of the median nerve as it passes through the center of the wrist.
Carpal tunnel syndrome
A break in the structure of bone caused by a force(direct or indirect).
Fracture
Fracture and dislocation of the posteior lip of the distal radius involving the wrist joint.
Barton's fracture
Fracture of the base of the first metacarpal bone, extending into the carpometacarpal joint.
Bennett's fracture
A transverse fracture extending through the metacarpal neck; most commonly seen in the fifth metacarpal.
Boxer's fracture
A transverse fracture of the distal radius with the distal fragment being displaced posteriorly.
Colles' fracture
A transverse fracture of the distal radius with the distal fragment being displaced anteriorly.
Smith's fracture
Accumulated fluid in hte joint cavity.
Joint effusion
aka- Degenerative joint disease(DJD)
A noninflammatory joint disease characterized by gradual deterioration of the articular cartilage with hypertrophic bone formation.
Osteoarthritis
Local or generalized infection of bone or bone marrow that may be caused by bacteria introduced by trauma or surgery.
Osteomyelitis
A hereditary disease marked by abnormally dense bone.
Osteopetrosis
A reduction in the quantity of bone or atrophy of skeletal tissue.
Osteoperosis
One of the more-common chronic skeletal diseased; a destructive bone disease followed by a reparative process of overproduction of very dense ye soft bones that tend to fracture easily.
Paget's disease
A chronic systemic, disease with inflammatory changes occurring throughout the body's connective tissues.
Rheumatoid arthritis
A sprain or tear of the ulnar collateral ligament of the thumb, near the MCP joint of the hyperextended thumb.
"Skier's thumb"
Most are benign but may be malignant.
Tumors
Most common of the primary cancerous bone tumors.
Occur in various parts of the body, arising from obne marrow or marrow plasma cells.
Multiple myelomas
Second most common type of primary cancerous bone tumor.
May develop in older persons with Paget's disease.
Osteogenic sarcomas
A common primary malignant bone tumor in children and young adults
Arises from bone marrow.
Ewing's sarcoma
A slow-growing malignant tumor of the cartilage.
Chondrosarcoma
Slow-growing benign cartilaginous tumor most often found in small bones of hands and feet of adolescents and young adults.
Enchondroma
The most common type of benign tumor.
Arise from the outer cortex with the tumorgrowing parallel to the bone, pointing away from the adjacent joint.
Osteochondromas
How are the bones on each hand and wrist divided up?
phalanges(fingers/thumb)-14
metacarpals(palm)-5
carpals(wrist)-8
Joints in the thumb
IP
MCP
Joints in the second through fifth digits
DIP
PIP
MCP
What is the human skeleton divided into?
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
Includes all bones that lie on or near the central axis of the body.
80 bones, includes the skull, vertebral column, ribs, sternum
axial skeleton
All bones of the upper and lower limbs, the shoulder and pelvic girdles.
126 separate bones
appendicular skeleton
A special type of small, oval-shaped bone found in the tendons.
Sesamoid bones
Consist of a body and two ends or extremities.
Long bones
The process by which bones form in the body.
ossification
Occurs rapidly and takes place in bones that are needed for protection.
Intramembranous ossification
Occurs much slower and in most parts of the skeleton, especially in the long bones.
Endochondral ossification
The primary center of ossification in growing bones.
Diaphysis
Secondary centers of ossification in growing bones.
Epephysis
Immovable joint
synarthrosis
Joint with limited movement
amphiarthrosis
Freely movable joint.
diarthrosis
3 types of fibrous joints
syndesmosis
suture
gomphosis
2 types of carilaginous joints
symphysis
synchondrosis
Synovial joint that permits the least movement.
ex- Intermetacarpal, carometcarpal, intercarpal
Plane(gliding) joints
Surfaces are molded to each other in such a way to permit flexio and extension movements only
ex- interphalangel joints, elbow, knee, ankle
Ginglymus(hinge) joints
Formed by a bony, pivotlike process that is surrounde by a ring of ligaments and/or bony structure.
ex- proximal and distal radioulnar joints
Trochoid(pivot) joints
Joint movement occurs primarily in one plane, combined with a slight degree of rotation at an axis
ex- 2-5 metacarpophalangeal joint of fingers, wrist
Ellipsoid(condyloid) joints
The ends of the bones are shaped concave-convex and positioned opposite to each other.
ex- first carpometacarpal joint of the thumb
Sellar(saddle) joints
Joint allows the greatest freedom of motion.
ex- hip and shoulder joint
Spheroid(ball and socket) joints