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59 Cards in this Set

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Westernizers vs. Slavophiles
Westernizers: Wanted Russia to be like other European nations.

Slavophiles: Valued traditional Russian values (orthodoxy)

Time: Mid-19th Century
Neo-classicism
Reproduction of Greek and Classical Architecture, Art, etc.

Time: 18th Century
Sentimentalism
Literary device that instills emotion in the reader from the writer.

Time: Late-18th Century
Poshlost' (пошлость)
Petty, Superficial, "Ideal Life", and Materialistic trend.

Time: Late-19th Century
Realism
Portrayed Russia as it really was.

Time: 19th Century
Terem
Royal women were kept here in Muscovy.
Icon
Paintings of Saints and Church Figures. Instilled values into the viewer, they were not personified.
Rurik
Varangian (Scandinavian or Norse) leader who came into Rus to unify them.

Time: 9th Century
Time of Troubles
After Ivan IV (Terrible) died, the civil war that ensued for the succession of the throne. There were many imposters that falsified claim to the throne. Romanov took throne, chosen by the Zemsky Sobor and ended it.

Time Period: 1584-1613
Intelligentsia
Educated, thinking, class that answers tough, broad, questions. They are the 'makers of culture'.
Pale of Settlement
Designated area towards (near) SW Russia where Jews were sent to live.

Time: 19th Century
Wanderers
Artists who rejected Neo-classical art during the time. They liked Realism art and traveled from town to town displaying it.

Time: Late-19th Century
Moscow Art Theater
Founded by Morozov family. Experimental acting styles where there were no "lead" actors, everyone had equally important parts. Chekov's plays started there.
Mikhail Romanov
Tsar elected by the Zemsky Sobor to end the Time of Troubles. Started the Romanov Dynasty.
Kremlin
Walls and Ramparts that surrounded Russian cities and even monasteries.
Table of Ranks
Established by Peter I (Great). Civil and military rankings based on merit, not simply class or seniority.
Catherine the Great
Strengthened Russian Empire. Era of favorites.

Time: Late-18th Century
Cossacks
Tribes of people on the outskirts of Russia. Of various, and somewhat unknown, origins (possibly Mongols or Tartars). Known to be excellent soldiers.
Oprichniki
Ivan IV's (Terrible's) private army that terrorized Boyars throughout Russia because he was paranoid that they were trying to usurp him.
Old Church Slavonic
Oldest original written language of the Slavs
Lubok
Wood carvings that depicted pictures. Originally used for Church purposes, but expanded into cartoons, et cetera.
Dvoeverie (двоеверие)
Dual Faith. Pagan and Christian elements side by side in culture. Examples: Vines with church depictions, Churches built near water (like bathhouses), Chronicles
Decembrists
Revolutionary group. Tried to present a Constitution in 1825. They were hanged, exiled, et cetera.
Mighty Five
Russian Composers. Very Innovative. Tried to create a Russian identity in music.

Time: Late-19th Century
Byliny
Epic tales in Russia. Some were historical. Contained heroes, et cetera.
Nikolai Karamzin
Poet & Historian. Wrote 'Poor Liza'. He was a sentimentalist.
Alexander Pushkin
Writer. 'Tsar Sultan'. Known as the Russian Shakespeare. Accessible language for the growing amount of literate people.

Time: Early-19th
Lev Tolstoy
Writer. Believe that art and writing should guide people.

Time: 19th Century
Fedor Dostoevsky
Writer. Psychological Realist. Questioned the working of minds.
Anton Chekhov
Playwright. Left a lot of the thought to the reader/audience. Extreme Realist.
Alexander Nevsky
Prince of Novgorod. Kept Novgorod safe from Mongol attacks. Only needed to pay tribute.

Time: 13th Century
Mikhail Lomonosov
The Russian "Ben Franklin". Created 3 levels of literary language. He was a peasant.

Time: Late-18th Century
Boris & Gleb
Martyred to warn against Princely infighting. They were brothers.
Vissarion Belinsky
First literary critic in Russia. Believe that art should educate and improve.

Time: Early-19th Century
Ilya Repin
Painter. Wanted art to be accessible.

Time: 19th Century
Andrey Rublev
First famous Russian Icon Painter. Nervous white eyes along with Feofan Grek.

Time: 14th Century
Paraskeva Piatnitsa
Example of Dvoeverie. Pagan (earth) woman who was turned into a Saint.
Princess Ekaterina Dashkova
Helped Catherine the Great overthrow her husband fr the throne. Was the head of the Academy of Sciences.
Stanislavsky
Actor. One founder of the Moscow Art Theater. Famous for his Acting Method.
Isaak Levitan
Landscape realist painter.

Time: Late-19th Century
Hilarion
Priest. Read his sermon in the Chronicles. Pointed to parallels in the Bible to show that Russia was meant to be a Christian nation.
Saava Morozov
Industrial Patron of the Moscow Art Theater. He was a grandson of someone wealthy who bought his freedom.
Modest Musorgsky
One of the composers in the Mighty Five.
Vasilisa
Like a Cinderella character in Russian folk tales. She was in many of them. Some times she helps people on their journey and sometimes she is the one who is helped.
Baba Yaga
Russian witch who helps and harms the characters in Russian folk tales. Many parallels to Mother Earth (ie. No male consort, lives off the land)
Frol Skobeev
Secular Tale. It was a spoof of the secular ambition.

Time: 17th Century
Peter & Fevronia
Peter was a Prince (Christian). Fevronia was a Pagan earth woman who spoke in riddles. Both followed the Christian teaching and therefore lived well and became Saints. Example of Dvoeverie.
Poor Liza
Story by Karamzine. Poor Liza, the character, was an example of a pure peasant who is seduced by an urban man. It parallels with the changes in Russia during the time in regards to cultural influence.

Time: Late-18th Century
Tsar Saltan
Russian Foltktale written by Pushkin. Poetry with folk elements (ie. A Quest, shape-shifting, et cetera)
Prince Igor
Lay of Igor's Campaign. Fought non-slavic tribes but ended up being unsuccessful because he didn't get enough support (he was too proud).
Khlestakov
The supposed Government Inspector who has come to the town. He was a con man, essentially.
Two characters of "The Gentle Creature" ("Meek Woman")
Self-reflective. Married & death
"Master and Man"
Written by Tolstoy. The master is greedy and materialistic. The servant is not, and removes himself from the material world around him. The master shows remorse and change at the end. Overall message is that "It's never too late."
Prozorov Family
The family in "The Three Sisters" (Chekhov). Depicted the threat of Poshlost'
"Man in a Case"
Story within a story. Written by Chekhov. Depicts a man who cannot connect with others, he is stuck in his own "case". Connects with human loneliness.
Eugene
Character in "Bronze Horseman" (Pushkin). He is depicted as a "cog in the wheel". He is a bureaucrat.
Russian Orthodoxy (Art Style)
Very plain, little relief. Tall domes.
Neo-classicism (Art Style)
Replicated Greek designs. Lots of relief, decorations, et cetera.
Realism (Art Style)
Depicted Russian peasants, landscapes, et cetera with great detail.