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18 Cards in this Set

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Molecules that mix well with water
Hydrophilic
Molecules that don't mix well with water
Hydrophobic
Molecules that have the same formula but different structures
Isomers
A long chain of monomers
Polymer
A single unit of a polymer
Monomer
Putting molecules together by removing water
Dehydration Synthesis (condensation)
Splitting molecules apart by adding water
Hydrolysis
Fatty acid that contains no double bonds
Saturated Fatty Acid
Fatty acid that contains some double bonds
Unsaturated Fatty Acid
Fat that contains no double bonds
Saturated Fat
Fat that contains some double bonds
Unsaturated Fat
Fat composed of a glycerol bonded to 3 fatty acids
Triglyceride
Triglyceride in which 1 fatty acid has been replaced by a phosphate radical - cell membrane component
Phospholipid
Bond between 2 amino acids
Peptide bond
Protein that speeds up chemical reactions
Enzyme
Proteins that regulate the body
Hormones
Permanently change the shape of a protein
Denaturization
Bases that always pair together
Complimentary Bases