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32 Cards in this Set

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齊宣王
qi2xuan1wang2
King Xuan of Qi.

3
wen2
1. Literary; literature.
2. Culture; civil society.
3. Pattern, ornament.

Here, the posthumous title of a duke. Though an extremely common character, it does not occur outside of names in our texts.
晉文 (公)
jin4wen2 gong1
Duke Wen of Jin (r. 636-28 B.C.)
ni2
To obstruct, to block.

A fairly rare character, which later comes to be used for the sinicized Sanskrit word for “nun.” Here, it is part of a personal name.
仲尼
zhong4ni2
Zhongni [Polite name of Confucius (孔子)].
bao3
To protect, to preserve, to look after.
何由
he2you2
Because of what? [idiomatic inversion].

This is synonymous with 奚由 (155b).
hu2
[General name for “barbarian” tribes to the north].

Here, a surname.
he2
To gnaw.

Here, a personal name.
胡齕
hu2he2
Hu He (a courtier of the king’s).
qian1
To drag, to lead by a rope.
niu2
Cow, steer, ox.
xin4
To smear blood [on something] in an act of ritual consecration.
zhong1
Bell
hu2
(Used in compound below.)
su4
(Used in compound below.)
觳觫
hu2su4
Trembling with fear.
死地
si3di4
Execution ground.
然則
ran2ze2
If that is so, then . . .” [frequently used locution].
yang2
Sheep, goat.
bian3
Narrow, tiny, cramped.
cai2
Cost, expense; wealth.
shang1
Injury, wound; to wound, to be wounded, to be hurt [emotionally or physically].
shu4
Art, technique, strategy.
qing2
Birds.
shou4
Beasts.
pao2
Kitchen.
chu2
Kitchen.
tuo1
Other, another.

Note: This is not used as a third-person pronoun, as in modern Mandarin.
cun3
To consider.

3
duo4
*1. To consider, to infer, to calculate.
2. To measure.
3. To cross [usually a river; used for 渡]; to endure.
戚戚
qi1qi1
To match; to be sad [see note 25.20].