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51 Cards in this Set

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he2
River.

This is a northern term for “river,” as opposed to 江, a southern term. By itself, 河 often refers to the Yellow River (黃河), just as 江 (1181) by itself can refer to the Yangtze (長江).
河內
he2nei4
Henei [“within (i.e., this side of) the Yellow River”; name of a province of 魏].
xiong1
Disaster; famine; inauspicious.
yi2
To move, to transfer.
dong1
East.
河東
he2dong1
Hedong (“east of the Yellow River”; name of a province of 魏).
su4
Grain.
yu4
Metaphor, parable, analogy; to make an analogy, to illustrate with a story.
tian2
To fill up, to add in.

Here, however, it is used for its sound value in the following term.
填然
tian2ran2
With a bang, with a flourish.

Describes the sound of military drums.
ren4
Blade of a weapon.

Note that the character consists of a mark pointing to the “edge” of the character for “knife.”
ye4
To drag, to trail behind one.
zou3
To run, to run away, to flee.

Note the difference from the modern Mandarin meaning of 走.
bu4
Pace; to pace; to take a walk.
wei2
To go against, to violate, to interfere with.
nong2
Farmer; farming; agricultural activities.

Consequently, 農時 would mean “the farming season,” “time for agricultural work.”
gu3
Edible grains.
gu3
Fishing net.
洿
wu1
Pool, pond, waterhole.

This character can be used interchangeably with 660 (污).
chi2
Pool, pond.
bie1
Turtle [usually fresh-water].
fu3
Axe.
jin1
Axe.
lin2
Forest.
cai2
Timber, usable wood; talent.

“Talent” can also be 才; writers would often pun on the two meanings.
mu4
Tree, wood.

材木 thus means “trees with usable timber.”
han4
Resentment; to resent.
shi3
To begin; at first, originally; beginning, origin; to begin to; for the first time.
mu3
[Measurement of area used of arable land; roughly one-fifth of an acre.]
zhai2
Homestead, farm.
bo2
White silk.
ji1
Chicken.
tun2
Piglet.
zhi4
Hog.
xu4
To rear, to raise [livestock, children or dependants].
ji1
Hungry.
xiang2Shelter for the elderly in ancient times; a country school in ancient times.

Apparently a 周 institution, though little is known about it.

3
xu4
1. Preface, forward, introduction.
2. Sequence, order.
*3. A country school in ancient times.

The first two meanings, though the most common, do not occur in our texts. Meaning #3 is used here; again, we know very little about such schools.
ti4
Moral behavior befitting a younger brother; sibling respect.

This is the “sibling” equivalent of 孝 (60).
ban1
Spotted.
bai2
White.
頒白
ban1bai2
Hair spotted with white; the elderly.
fu4
To carry [burdens] on the back.
dai4
To carry [burdens] on the head.
li2
Many, numerous; black.
黎民
li2min2
The common people.
han2
Cold; impoverished.
jian3
To regulate, to restrain; to inspect.
e4
Hungry, starving.

This character has a stronger meaning in literary Chinese than it does in modern Mandarin.
piao3
To die of hunger; corpse of one who has died of hunger.

2
sui4
*1. Harvest.
2. Year [often of age].

The agricultural meaning is primary (and is used here), but the second, derived meaning is probably more common. Note that this character is not limited to “year of life,” as it is in modern Mandarin.