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51 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
qu3
To marry [used of men].

This is the male equivalent of 嫁 (664).
私室
si1shi4
Bedroom.
tan3
To lay bare, to strip [usually to the waist]; to be partially naked.
夫子
fu1zi3
Husband, lord, master.

Here, the wife uses it as a polite term for her husband; but it can also be a polite term of address to show respect (as it does in Lesson 25).
bo2
Abrupt.

Note the typical adverb suffix 然 (231-3) attached here.
zhao4
To summon, to send for, to beckon.
shu2
Who? Which? What?
cun2
To be present, to exist, to survive; to preserve.
jing4
To respect, to honor, to revere; respect, honor.
sheng1
voice, sound.
yang2
To spread, to propagate, to raise.
jie4
To warn, to admonish, to prohibit.
ze2
To blame, to take to task; blame, censure; responsibility, guilt.
liu2
To detain, to keep; to remain.
gu1
Girl, maiden, maiden aunt; mother-in-law.
姑母
gu1mu3
mother-in-law.
yong3
To embrace, to hold, to possess, to press upon, to lean upon.
ying2
Column, pillar.

2
gou3
*1. Illicit, careless.
2. If, supposing.
苟得
gou3de2
Illicit gain; to obtain by illicit means.
shang3
Reward; to reward.
祿
lu4
Salary, monetary compensation.
da2
To reach, to get in contact with, to be successful.
jian4
To tread upon; to frequent.
jing1
Essence; pure; to purify; to be skilled or well-versed in.
wu3
Five.
fan4
Cooked rice; food; provisions.
五飯
wu3fan4
Cooking of the five edible grains.

The list varies, but usually: two different kinds of millet, wheat, barley, and rice.
mi4
Strainer; to strain.

Here, the necessary straining of ale to remove sediment serves as a synecdoche for the brewing of ale in general.
漿
jiang1
Liquid, brew.
jiu4
*1. Father-in-law.
2. Uncle.
feng2
To sew, to stitch, to mend.
chang2, shang2
Clothes, robes.
gui1
Women’s quarters.
kui4
Provisions, food; to offer a present [often of food].

3
wu2
*1. To not have; non-possession.
2. Non-existence, nothingness; to not exist.
3. “Don’t . . .” [negative imperative].

This character is used unterchangeably with 無 (36). Early texts tend to show propensities for using one or the other – for example, 莊子 (Lessons 33-40) tends to use 无.
you1
[Archaic version of 所].
yi2
Ornament, decoration; ceremony, ritual regalia.
wei2
Only.

A substitute for the more proper 唯 (750).
yi4
To deliberate; deliberation, matter for deliberation, concern.
zhi4
To determine, to decide; to regulate, to govern.
成人
cheng2ren2
Adult, grown-up.

2
zai4
*1. [Archaic particle, roughly equivalent to 則.]
2. To carry, to transport.

Meaning #2, though the most common meaning for this character, does not occur in our texts.
fei3
[Archaic version of 非.]
yi1
[Vague, archaic, third person pronoun.]

This is one of the exceptions to the general rule that literary Chinese avoids a subject third-person pronoun.
jiao4
To teach, to instruct; teachings, doctrine.
ze2
To select, to pick.
lun2
Natural relationships, right principles.

3
ji1
*1. Loom [for weaving].
2. Mechanism, device.
3. Crisis, turning point, significant moment.
shi4
To demonstrate, to show.
guan1
Hat, cap; chief, top, foremost.