Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/44

Click to flip

44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
zou1
The state of Zou (Name of a small state near 魯 and 齊).

2
meng4
1. Beginning, initial [used to describe the first month of each season].
*2. [A surname].
ke1
Pair of wheels; axle tree.
孟軻
meng4ke1
Meng Ke (personal name of the philosopher Mencius 孟子).

2
shè (1), shĕ (2)
*1. Lodging, abode; to lodge at, to reside in.
2. To reject, to cast aside, to throw away, to let go.

With meaning #2 the word is often written as 捨.
mu4
Tomb, grave mound.
xi1
To enjoy, to be pleased; to play, to amuse oneself.
yong3
To leap and jump about.

With 躍 (561), 踴 forms a compound 踴躍, meaning “to leap about and dance (with enthusiasm or joy).” 踴 is sometimes written 踊.
zhu2
To build [usually through ramming earth].
mai2
To bury.
pang2
Side, beside; to be at the side of.
xi4
Game; to play, to tease; drama.
gu3
Merchant; mercantile activities.

Don’t confuse with 賣 (720)!
xuan4
To display [often goods in a shop or market stall].
xi3
To move [one’s place of residence].

Don’t confuse with 徒 (337)!
xue2
To study; study, erudition.
學宮
xue2gong1
School.
zu3
[Platter used in religious sacrifices.]

2
dou4
*1. Bowl [here, a special bowl used in religious sacrifices].
2. Beans.
yi1
To bow.
退
tui4
To retreat, to withdraw.

進退 here refers to proper considerations of when to advance or retreat under the guidelines of ritual (禮).
yi4
Art, craft, artistic accomplishment.
六藝
liu4yi4
The Six Arts.

For an early Chinese gentleman, these were rites, music, archery, charioteering, writing, and mathematics.
ru2
Scholar, Confucian, Confucian gentleman.

This is the character that comes closest to designating Confucianism as a philosophy or way of life.
jian4
Gradual; gradually, finally.
shu1
Beautiful, handsome, fine.
ji1
Spinning thread; unthreading silk cocoons.

This was considered classic women’s work.
自若
zi4ruo4
Same as usual; nothing different.

Idiomatic expression. This can also mean “calm,” “composed.”
duan4
To break, to sever, to cut off; to decide.
zhi1
To weave; weaving; woven cloth.

2
si1
*1. This, these [substitution for 此 – 145].
2. Then [substitution for 則 – 153].

As you can see, this character is generally used to express two meanings that are more often represented by other characters.
guang3
Broad; to broaden.
是以
shi4yi3
Consequently, therefore.

Idiomatic inversion of 以是, “by means of this.” Synonym: 故 (285-1).

3
ning2
*1. At peace, peaceful, calm.
*2. How . . .? [rhetorical question, same meaning as 豈 (602)].
3. To prefer to, rather.

Note that while meaning #1 occurs here first in the synonym compound 安寧, the second meaning occurs two lines later. The third meaning doesn’t occur until Lesson 40.
hai4
Harm, damage, disaster; to harm.
mian3
To avoid, to escape.
si1
Menial servant.
yi4
Servant; servitude.
fa2
To be lacking.
liang2
Provisions, grain, food.
nan2
Man, male; son.

2
duo4
1. To fall, to sink.
*2. To become indolent, lazy, or careless.

The second group of meanings acts as a substitute for 惰.
qin2
To strive, to make an effort.
子思
zi3si1
Zisi [Name of one of Confucius’ most important disciples].