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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
geography
study of where people, places, and things are located and how they relate to each other.
location
position on the earth's surface
latitude
measure distances north or south of equator
longitude
measures distances east or west of the prime meridian
exports
goods sent to markets outside of a country
imports
goods brought into a country
interdependence
dependence of countries on goods, resources, and knowledge from other parts of the world
map projections
ways of showing the curved Earth on a flat surface
topography
physical features of a place or region
vegetation
plant life of a place or region
mountains
high, steep, rugged land that rises above the surrounding land.
elevation
height above sea level
hills
areas of raised lands
plains
large areas of fairly level or gently rolling land
plateaus
large areas of high, flat or gently rolling land
climate
average weather a place has over a period of 20-30 years.
culture
all the things that make up a people's entire way of life
nuclear family
includes a wife, a husband, and their children
extended family
has several generations living in a house
monotheism
belief in one god
polytheism
belief in many gods
democracy
people have supreme power
republic
peopel chose the leaders who represent them
dictatorship
ruler or group holds power by force
technology
refers to the skills and tools a people use
diffusion
movement of customs or ideas from one place to another
subculture
group of people within a society who share certain beliefs, vaules, and customs
ethnocentrism
people who judge other cultures by the standards of their own culture
racism
belief that one racial group is naturally superior
nomads
Member of a hunting people who travel from place to place to find food.
civilization
highly organized group of people with their own language and ways of living
archaeologists
are scientists who study the objects left by early people
artisans
skilled craftworkers
capital
money that can be invested in business ventures for the purpose of making a profit
entrepreneurs
People who risked their money to set up businesses in order to make a profit.
urbanization
growth of cities
imperialism
control by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region.
nationalism
pride in and loyalty to one's country
westernization
adoption of western culture
cash crops
crops that could be sold on the world market
modernization
Changes in a government that enable it to set up a stable government and produce a high level of goods and services.
tariff
tax on imported goods
privatization
Sells state-owned industries to prive investors.
literacy
ability to read and write
population density
average number of people living in an area of a specific size