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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
troops enlisted from the subject peoples of the roman empire to supplement the regular legions composed of roman citizens
auxillaries
free tenant farmers who worked as sharecroppers on the large estates of the roman empire
coloni
the chief executives officers of the roman republic
consuls
an official granted unlimited power to run the state for a short time during an emergency
dictator
the military unit that served as the personal bodyguard of the roman emperors
praetorian guard
the five emperors who ruled from 96 to 180 a period of peace and prosperity for the roman empire
good emperors
the right to command
imperium
large landed estates in the roman empire
latifundia
rule by a few
oligarchy
a doctrine that equates god with the universe and all that is in it
pantheism
the dominant male in a roman family whose powers over his wife and children were theoretically unlimited, though they were sometimes circumvented in practice
paterfamilias
great landowners who became the ruling class in the roman republic
patricians
a rectangular formation of tightly massed infantry soldiers
phalanx
the class of roman citizens who included nonpatrician landowners, craftspeople, merchants, and small farmers in the roman republic
plebians
the form of government established by augustus for the roman empire
principate