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79 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Julius Caesar was a great military leader who conquered the what?
Gauls
Julius Caesar gained favor of his troops and used them to what?
take over rome and declare himself dictator (45 B.C.)
When was Julius Caesar assassinated? By who?
March 15, 44 B.C leading senators
Who did Julius Caesar give land to?
the poor
Diocleatian was what?
A roman emperor
Diocletian had the last big persecution of the what?
Christians
Who divided the empire into an easter and western half?
Diocletian
What did Hadrian do?
He was a roman emperor who constructed Hadrians wall in britian

built many fine buildings

codified roman law
Who was Nero?
He was a roman emperor who had people killed if he wanted them out of his way including his own mother.

he was abandoned by his guards and committed suicide.
Who was the greatest of the Carthaginian generals?
Hannibal
Who entered Spain and crossed Alps with army?
Hannibal
What happened at the Battle of Zama?
Romans crushed Hannibal's forces-war was over (202 B.C)
Who was Caesars adopted son?
Augustus
What did Augustus conquer?
Many new areas except Germany
Who was the richest man in Rome?
Crassus
Where was Crassus given command?
Syria
How did Crassus die?
He was killed in battle in 53 B.C
Pompey did what?
Returned from a successful command in spain as a military hero
Who was Caesars ally and assisstant?
Marc Antony
Marc allied himself and fell in love with what queen?
the Egyptian queen, cleopatra
How did Marc Antony die?
he committed sucide with his love when they fled to Egypt after Octavians forces smashed the army of them
Marc Antony took what section of rome?
east
attila led who?
visigoths
alaric led who?
huns
which two brothers are said to have founded rome?
romulus and remus
Who was Virgil?
most distinguished poet of the augustan age
What was Virgils greatest work?
Aeneid--in honor of Rome
Who was Tacitus?
Roman historian
Who was Jesus?
a jewish prophet that traveled and preached throughout Judaea and neighboring Galilee
Who was Paul?
major apostle, highly educated Jewish Romam citizen who joined the movement
Who was Peter?
a jewish fisherman who became a follower of Jesus during Jesus' lifetime, leader of the apostles
Who was the procurator who ordered Jesus' crucifixion?
Pontius Pilate
Octavian took what part of rome?
west
Who stood supreme over the roman world?
octavian
who proclaimed the restoration fo the republic?
octavian
Who was titus?
emperor who inaugurated the colossum in a.d 80

ended jewish war
What did Theodosius do?
adopted Christianity as the official religion of Roman Empire
When does Pax Romana end?
with marcus aurelius' death
what did marcus aurelius face
?
widespread barbarian invasions
What did marcus aurelius write?
mditations
tiber river
trade and river crossed by many armies
edict of milan
constantine issued this which proclaimed official tolerance of christianity
plebians
a social class made up of minor landholders, farmers, craftspeople, and merchants
patricians
great landowners who formed the ruling class in rome
aqueducts
a dozen of these kept the population of one million with water
vesuvius
volcanoe that erupted the roman cities of pompey and herculaneum
concrete
enabled romans to build colosseums and domed buildings
pax romana
roman piece
the five good emperors

nerva
trajan
hadrian
antoninus pius
marcus aurelius
consuls
a chief executive officer of the roman republic, two were elected each year, one to run the government and one to lead the army into battle
rubicon
the river that formed the southern boundary of caesar's province

crossing the rubicon means unable to turn back
Sicily
1st punic war started there

occupied by the greeks
colosseum
most famous amphitheater

max 50 000
languade
indo european
constantinople
new capital city in the east of the site of the greek city of byzantium

modern istanbul in turkey
senates
a select group of about 300 patricians who served for life
carthage
3rd punic war, romans fought with carthage

146 b.c destroyed

became africa
12 tables
romes first code of laws
450 b.c
greeks
came to italy in large numbers

occupied sicily
latins
lived in latium

herders and farmers
etruscans
located in eturia
pantheon
hardrians pantheon in rome
gaul
grmanic tribes poured into here
assemby
centuriate assembly

elected chief officials such as consuls and praetors and passed laws
roman legions
military unit of about 5 000 troops
praetorian guards
9 000 men to guard emperor augustus
ballista
used to hurl heavy projectiles at a target
architecture
romans excelled in it
forum
public square or marketplace
alps
took a toll on the carthaginian army
bishop
high ranking christian cleric
palentine hill
central of rome
ides of march
march 15, 45 b.c
year rome fell
ad. 476

falls to invaders
martyr
one who chooses to suffer death rather than renounce religious beliefs
mercenary
hired for service in a foreign army
messiah
savior of jews
pope
head of catholic church
first triumvirate
60 b.c
caesar
crassus
pompey
second triumvirate
octavian--caesars heir and grandnephew

anotony--his ally and assisstant

ledipus--commander of his calvary