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58 Cards in this Set

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Rome
Former center of both Ancient Roman Republic and Roman Empire...capital of present-day Italy
Sicily
An island in the Mediterranean Sea off SWtip of Italy
Alps
Europe's highest mountains
Apennine Mountains
Mountain range on Italian peninsula...create the "giant backbone"
Latium
A plain on the west coast of Italy on which the city of Rome was built.
Tiber River
A River flowing southward froom north central Italy across the Latium plain and into the Sea
Elevation
height above sea level
Profile
in geography, a map showing cross -section of a surface
Plebeinan
75% of Roman population
common person...farmer, trader, craftworker
Patrician
member of noble families who had all the power in the early days of the Roman empire
republic
means public things...form of government where citizens elect representatives to speak or act for them
representative
a person who is elected by citizens to speak or act for them...oldest and most powerful branch
Senate
lawmaking body and mosst powerful branch of government in ancient Rome's republic
tribune
An elected leader of ancient Rome that represented the plebians
Counsul
One of two elected officials of the Roman Republic who commanded the army and were supreme judges
Twelve Tables
earliest written collection of Roman laws
Punic Wars
Conflicts between Rome and Carthage over Sicily
Livy
Historian of Roman Republic wrote about struggle between Plebians and Patricians
Hannibal
Carthage General during Punic Wars
Scipio
Roman General who defeated Hanibal during Punic Wars
Forum
City market and meeting place in center of Ancient Rome
Carthage
Ancient city on north coast of Africa
Zama
Site in northern Africa where Roman army defeated Carthage army in 202 BC
Pax Romana
period of peace for Roman Empire...lasted about 200 years
civil war
an armed conflict between groups within one country
dictator
ruler with absolute power
aqueduct
high arched structure built to carry water over long distances
census
periodic count of all people living in a country, city , or region
gladiator
Roman athelete usually a slave or a criminal or prisoner of war...usually forced to fight for entertainment
Julius Ceasar
Roman genral who became a dictator in 45 BC
Cleopatra
ruler of Egyptian government in Alexandria who backed Ceasar during the civil war
Augustus
First Roman emperor won the civil war following Julius Ceasar's assasination and went on to unify the empire and establish the Pax Romana
Gaul
ancient region and Roman province that included most of present day France
Colosseium
large stadium in ancient Rome where athletic events took place
Pantheon
large dome shaped temple built in Rome to honor Gods and Goddesses
Pompeii
Ancient city in SW Italy buried by the eruption of Mt Vesuvius in AD 79
Tiberius
14 AD -- 47 AD
Chritianity
Religion based on teachings of Jesus as recorded in the new testament
New Testament
Second part of the Christian Bible containing descriptions of the life and teachings of Jesus and his early followers
Messiah
Special leader jewish people believe to be sent by God to guide them and set up God's rule on Earth
parable
simple story
apostle
one of te 12 closest followers of Jesus...chosen by him to help teach
bishop
Peter was the first
church official leads a large group of Christians in a particular region
Pope
means "father" in Latin
bishop or church leader of Rome
Jesus
Religious leader and founder of Christianity
Peter
Believed to be the first Bishop
one of 12 apostles
Paul
follower of Jesus who helped spread Christianity throughout the Roman world
Judea
land in Eastern Mediteranean region polulated by Jews at the time of the Roman Empire
Bethlehem
small town in Jerusalelm where Jesus is said to have been born
Nazerth
Small town in northern Judea where Jesus grew up
Eastern Orthodox Christianity
a branch of christianity that developed in the Byzantine empire and did not recognize the Pope as its supreme leader
architecture
science of planning and constructing a building
Roman Catholicism
branch of Chritianity that developed in the western Roman empire and recognized the Pope as its supreme leader
Diocletiann
Roman emperor who divided the empire into two parts and oversaw the eastern part
Constantine
Roman emperor who founded Constantinople as the new eastern capital of the Roman empire
Palestine
region in SW Asia that beceme the ancient home of the Jews...this is the ancient Roman name for Judea...became Israel in 1947
Constantinople
city established as the new Eastern capital of the Roman empire by the emperor Constantine in AD 330...now called Istanbul
Byzantine Empire
name by which the eastern half of the Roman empire became known sometime after 400 AD