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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cleavage of a mineral is related to a mineral's
crystalline structure.
Which symbol represents carbon?
C
Which symbol represents calcium?
Ca
Which kind of rock is formed when volcanic lava cools?
igneous
A student wants to study how igneous rock changes to sedimentary rock. Is this a good project if the student needs to complete the study within a month?
No
Sedimentary rocks are not found on the Moon because
There is no weathering
Rocks found on Earth are generally classified as sedimentary, metamorphic, or igneous. On which basis are these classifications made?
How The Rocks were formed
The formation of metamorphic rocks depends on all of the following except A.the composition of the parent rocks. B.Earth's magnetic field.C.temperature. D.pressure.
The Earth's magnetic field
When rocks undergo weathering, they become
Sedimentary
Sedimentary rocks can be converted into magma by undergoing which processes?
Heat and Pressure
What type of rock results from the cooling of lava from a volcano?
Igneous
The total number of protons and neutrons in an atom is the
Atomic Mass
Igneous rocks are classified by where they are formed. Which type forms underground?
Intrusive
Igneous rocks form from
Magma
When magma reaches Earth's surface it becomes
Lava
When magma reaches Earth's surface it becomes
Lava
Which of the following elements is part of the chemical formula for table salt? Na , Si, S or O
Na
How many atoms of hydrogen are in a molecule of water?
2
When mud and water are combined, the result is
Mixture
Which are the two most abundant elements dissolved in seawater?
Na & Cl
Which is a mineral? A.glass B.graphite C.magma D.marble
graphite
When an igneous rock is changed by the action of heat and pressure it becomes
Metamorphic
Compared to rocks in Earth's crust, rocks in the mantle are more
dense
Some of Earth's rocks are formed by the cooling of a molten material called
magma
What type of rock is sandstone?
sedimentary
Extrusive rocks are formed by
Magma cooling on the Earth's surface
A rock that contains a metal is known as
Ore
Rocks are affected by heat and pressure. One source of this pressure is
The mass of overlying rock
Water is
a compound
What type of rock is formed by volcanic activity?
Igneous
Cleavage of a mineral is related to a mineral's
crystalline structure.
Which symbol represents carbon?
C
Which symbol represents calcium?
Ca
Which kind of rock is formed when volcanic lava cools?
igneous
A student wants to study how igneous rock changes to sedimentary rock. Is this a good project if the student needs to complete the study within a month?
No
Sedimentary rocks are not found on the Moon because
There is no weathering
Rocks found on Earth are generally classified as sedimentary, metamorphic, or igneous. On which basis are these classifications made?
How The Rocks were formed
The formation of metamorphic rocks depends on all of the following except A.the composition of the parent rocks. B.Earth's magnetic field.C.temperature. D.pressure.
The Earth's magnetic field
When rocks undergo weathering, they become
Sedimentary
Sedimentary rocks can be converted into magma by undergoing which processes?
Heat and Pressure
What type of rock results from the cooling of lava from a volcano?
Igneous
The total number of protons and neutrons in an atom is the
Atomic Mass
Igneous rocks are classified by where they are formed. Which type forms underground?
Intrusive
Igneous rocks form from
Magma
When magma reaches Earth's surface it becomes
Lava
Earth's core is mainly composed of
Iron and Nickle
All of the formulas below represent minerals. Which one contains iron?
A. PbS B. Fe3O4 C. SiO2 D.CaF2
B
Each element in the periodic table is assigned an atomic number which is the same as
the number of protons in the atom's nucleus.
Which is the correct symbol for the element sodium?
Na
Oxides are formed when oxygen combines with one other element. Which formula
A. CaCO3 B.CH3OH C. O2 D. Fe2O3
D
When some chemical elements and compounds form solids from the liquid state, the atoms or molecules form a definite or molecule forms a defiinite, regular, three-dimensional pattern. Such solids are described
crystalline
Which mineral characteristic could be used to distinguish between talc and calcite? A. hardness B. location C. fracture D. color
. hardness
A mineral can be identified by breaking it and then examining the directions it broke in. This test uses the mineral characteristic called
cleavage.
According to Mohs' scale of hardness, your fingernail has a hardness value of about 2.5. Which two minerals could you scratch with your fingernail?
gypsum and talc
What term should be used to describe a mineral crystal that had all of its edges of equal length, and all of its surfaces meeting at 90° angles? A.cubic B.monoclinic C. hexagonal D.triclinic
A
If a mineral cools quickly it's crystals will
Be small
If a mineral cools slowly it's crystals will be
Large
Intrusive rocks have crystals that are large or small.
Large
Extrusive rocks have crystals that are usually
small of none
Cooling rate will
determine the size of crystals