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24 Cards in this Set

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mineral
natural, inorganic, crystalline solid that hav a range of compositions and properties
rocks
substances that are or were a naturak part of solid earth or lithosphere
igneous
rocks that form from hot, molten (liquid) rock materials that orginate deep within earth
metamorphic
sedimentary or igneous rocks that are buried so deeply that heat and pressure cause them to become new materials.
sedimentary
rocks formed by deposition, burial, or cementation of rocks.
fossil fuels
fuel made from fossils or other natural substances
crystal structure
the alignment of crystals in a mineral
cleavage
tendency of some minerals to break along smooth, flat planes
fracture
minerals that break along curved surfaces or surfaces that are not parallel
hardness
resistance of a mineral to being scratched
streak
the color of the powdered form of a mineral
luster
way light is reflected and/or absorbed by the surface of a mineral
crystal shape
shape of crystals in a rock or mineral
crystalization
formation of crystals
solidification
making solid
magma
molten rock beneath earth's surface
inferred
To conclude from evidence or premises
rock cycle
the process that each rock type undergoes to form
contact metamorphism
intrusion of hot, molten magma will change the rock with which it comes in contact
sediments
Solid fragments of inorganic or organic material that come from the weathering of rock and are carried and deposited by wind, water, or ice.
compacted
Closely and firmly united or packed together; dense
cemented
A chemically precipitated substance that binds particles of clastic rocks.
chemical precipitation
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natural resources
any material from the enviroment that is used to support people's lives and lifestyles.