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14 Cards in this Set

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Cementation
Process in which dissolved minerals left by water passing through sediments binds the
sediments together.
Chemical Rock
Sedimentary rock that forms when minerals crystallize from a solution. Example limestone.
Compaction
Process in which air and water are squeezed out of sediments, resulting in the formation of
sedimentary rock.
Deposition
The laying down ad accumulation of earth materials in oceans, rivers, deserts, and glaciers.
Extrusive
A type of rock formed from magma flowing out over the earth's surface.
Foliation
A distinctly layered texture found in some metamorphic rocks.
Intrusive
A type of rock formed by magma solidifying among other rocks below the earth's surface.
Igneous
A type of rock formed when magma cools and crystallizes below or on the surface of the earth.
Lithification
The set of chemical and physical processes that convert newly deposited sediment into rock.
Metamorphic
A type of rock formed by the squeezing and heating of rocks deep below the surface
of the earth.
Rock
The material that forms Earth's hard surface, composed of minerals.
Rock Cycle
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that slowly changes rocks from one
kind to another.
Sediment
Earth materials, both mineral and organic, that have been transported and laid to rest on the
earth's surface.
Sedimentary
A type of rock formed when horizontal layers of sediment harden into solid rock at or just
below the earth's surface.