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67 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
One effect of the cold war was
increased political tension worldwide.
What was most crucial in bringing about US participation in World War I?
German use of submarines against merchant and passenger ships
There was miliarism before the outbreak of World War I. What was one result?
an arms race
What is likely to be found in a nation ruled by a dictatorship?
a secret police
In Russia in 1917, a rigid class system existed which allowd landowning nobles, priests, and the Czar to live well, while the peasent class faced many hardships. The Russian peasants supported the Bolsheviks in the 1917 Revolutions mainly because the Bolsheviks promised to
redistribute the land owned by the nobility
The political consequences of imperialism includes
increased tension among western powers
The right that individuals have to make their own choices when purchasing goods, selling their products and labor, and participating in a business structure is the key ingrediant in
a free enterprise system
What would be the most credible primary source about conditions in a Nazi concentration camp during the Holocaust?
an account of camp life by a survivor of a concentration camp
After World War II ther was a state of tension without armed conflict between the main rivals that was known as
cold war
What does understanding he presence of bias do?
evaluate both written and visual materials
Robideaux final spring 2007
cut apart and study
British control over South Africa, French control over Indochina, and Spanish control over Mexico are examples of
Imperialism
Why was the Balkan region referred to as a powder keg?
There were several conflicting interests in the region
Gandhi used what method in his struggle against British injustice?
civil disobedience
What did Gandhi urge the people to do as a protest?
a boycott on British goods
Why did Gandhi undertake the Great Salt March?
to end the British salt monopoly
Goods that are unique and that may be more expensive than factory-produced products are known as goods produced in a
cottage industry
many Indians were angry at the British after World War 1 because
Britain failed to fulfill its promise to grant India self government
A major cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917 was the
existence of sharp economic differences between social classes
Censorship, mass arrests, and a secret police force are most characteristic of
totalitarian regines
The Soviet Union had a totalitarian form of government under the leadership of Lenin and Stalin. One action that was taken by both V.I. Lenin and Joseph Stalin to reach their political goals was they
jailed or murdered potential opponents
In many Latin American nations, reliance on the production of a single cash crop has led to
economic dependence on other nations
Economics must address how to produce goods and services. In the economy of a certain country, some factories are owned by individuals and private companies, and other factories are owned and controlled by the government. What type of economy is this?
mixed
When the government controls all major industries and decides what products will be produced and how many of each type of product will be produced. What type f economy is this?
command
What helped to start World War I?
an assassination
Some colonists volunteered for service in World War I in hopes that, in return, they would win
citizenship or independence
At the end of the first world war, why did women give up their jobs?
Returning soldiers wanted the jobs
Why was World War I more destructive than earlier wars?
modern weapons were more deadly
It was difficult to gain an advantage over the enemy in trench warfare because
the machine gun made it nearly impossible for troops to advance
Under facism, youth in Italy and Germany were taught
strict military discipline
Facism appealed to Italians in part because
it promised a strong, stable government
What did Hitler promise to do for Germany?
end reparation
One of Hitler's goals was the
persecution and elimination of the Jews
When World War II engulfed Europe, what position did the United States take?
It remained neutral
After WWI and WWII, what action was taken by many African territories?
demanding independence from their colonial rulers
How did the Allies end World War II with Japan?
by dropping the atomic bomb
What was one reason that Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb on Japan?
An invasion of Japan would result in enormous loss of lives.
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
brought the United States into the war
During the cold war the major rivals were
The United States and the Soviet Union
What led to the rise of dictators in Europe before World War II?
a worldwide economic depression
The rise of totalitarian governments in Germany, Italy, and Spain during the 1920's and 1930's was largely the result of
severe economic and social problems that arose in Eruope after World War I
After World War I the Treaty of Versailles imposed harsh conditions that helped lay the foundation for the
rise of facism in Germany
Facscism is a system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through terror and censorship, and typically a policy of belligerant nationalism and racism. Fascism in Europe during the 1920's and 1930's is best described as a
form of totalitarianism that glorified the state above the individual
In what way did the treaty of Versailles establish conditions that led to the outbreak of World War II?
It imposed harsh reparations payments on Germany, which led to economic and political instability
After the first World War, Germany had to accept full responsibility for starting the war, lost large amounts of land, and had to pay reparations. This humiliation led to a rise in Nazi programs. What was one reason the Nazi programs and policies of the early 1930's appealed to many people in Germany?
the people were frustrated with their current economic and political situation.
One factor that motivated U.S. imperialism during the late 19th and early 20th centuries was the
acquisition of new markets and sources of raw materials
Benito Mussolini and Adolph Hitler came to power in Italy and Germany. One reason these fascist governments came to power was that these nations
faced economic and political difficulties
What describes the Holocause that occurred during World War II?
The Germans pursued a policy of exterminating millions of European Jews and others.
The primary goal of American foreign policy during the cold war was
stop the spread of communism
What was one factor that helped lead to the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union?
differing intentions between the two nations for the political and economic rebuilding of Eastern Europe after World War II.
The production of specific things that a country can produce better than other countries and then sells these products to other countries is called
specialization
The ideas of Social Darwinism, the need for natural resources and the desire to spread Christianity were all causes of
imperialism
What would one example be of a primary resource?
the diary of a survivor of a Nazi death camp.
During the mid 1930's, what was a characteristic that was common to Fascist Italy, Germany, and Communist Russia in there totalitarian governments? These governments used terror and violence in an attempt to control all aspects of the lives of their citizens.
one-party system that denied basic human rights
The main intention of the alliances formed among European nations during World War I was
to discourage outside attacks
One way that western imperialist nations tried to modernize the lands they conquered was by
imposing western culture on subject people
What is generally a characteristic of a communist/command economy?
government agencies are involved in production planning.
The Industrial Revolution encouraged imperialism. How did it do that?
It created a need for raw materials and markets.
The moderization of Japan during the Meiji Restoration resulted in
the rise of Japan as an imperialistic nation
What would a good statement be that would describe the events in Japan during the period of the Meiji Restoration?
Rapid industrialization and economic growth occured.
Western imperialism had an effect on indigenous people. What was it?
It destroyed their way of life.
some level of government control exists in all economies, but the economy in which the central government plays the most direct role is the
command
What was the purpose of spreading western civilization and western culture to colonies?
impose western customes and ideas on the colonial people.
European imperialism had one objective during the 19th century that was
to convert the inhabitants of foreign territories to Christianity
One major cause of WWI was
the existence of opposing alliances
European imperialist nations partitioned (divided) Africa. What would one accurate statement be?
the cultural and ethnic diversithh of the African people was disregarded.
Some of the causes of European imperialism in the late 1800's were
1. need for raw material
2. desire for new markets
3. belief that Europeans should spread their culture