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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
One philosophe who defended _______________ was Voltaire
The practice of slavery
The separation of powers and the principles of checks and balances were put forward by
How did government and church officials fight against Enlightenment ideas?
with censorship
There is a country where the people choose the king or queen. Right now, the country is ruled by the queen but soon she will step down and her son will take over the reign of power. What type of government is this?
The Age of Reason Thinkers challenged the established order by
calling for a just society based on reason.
What is a statement that would not represent the thinking of the Enlightenment?
The power of the monarch is absolute
What did Jean-Jacques Rousseau believe in?
community interests should be placed above the good of the individual.
John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau were enlighenment philosophers who challenged the idea of the divine right of kinds. They wrote about how the government should be based on the consent of the governed. These new ideas encouraged people to
engage in revolutions to establish democratic governments.
The Enlightenment was a movement in the 18th century that stressed the importance of reason and science in philosophy and the study of human society. What statement would not be a concept of Enlightenment thought?
The universe is irrational and cannot be understood through reason.
Adam Smith influenced how people viewed their relationship with their government. Supporters of Smith wanted government to
protect their freedoms and property
Enlightenment-chapter 5
Robideaux part 1
cut apart and study
"Subsistance farmers" refers to people who grow
just enough food to meet the needs of the immediate family
A major concept promoted by philosophers of the Enlightenment was the need for
the use of reason for rational and logical thinking
A principle embedded in the American Constitution is
popular sovereignty
The U.S. Constitution's ideas originated with
Europe's Enlightenment thinkers
Enlightenment philosophers believed that the power of the government is drawn from
those who are governed
The work of _______________ helped to create a new style of classical composition.
John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau would probably support
a society in which the people choose the ruler