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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Multiple sclerosis is characterized by a patchy degeneration of:

a. Myelin sheaths
b. Nerve cells
c. Glial cells
d. Meninges
a. Myelin sheaths
Concerning trauma to the head, all of the following statements are true except:

a. Subdural hematomas result from venous bleeding
b. Brain swelling may occur without hemorrhage
c. In closed head injury, brain lesions occur only at the site of impact
d. Extradural arterial hemorrhage may follow a fracture to the temporal bone
c. In closed head injury, brain lesions occur only at the site of impact
Infarction of the brain is caused by:

a. Arteriolar sclerosis
b. Thrombosis of an artery
c. Embolus from the internal carotid artery
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
Acute meningococcal meningitis is often associated with all of the following except:

a. Fever and headache
b. Stiff neck and pain
c. Confusion and coma
d. Newborn infant
d. Newborn infant
The most common cause of stroke due to hemorrhage into the brain is:

a. Trauma
b. Hypertension
c. Congenital aneurysm
d. Leukemia
b. Hypertension
Which of the following is not a demyelinating disease?

a. Parkinson's disease
b. Multiple sclerosis
c. Metachromatic leukodystrophy
d. Krabbe's leukodystrophy
a. Parkinson's disease
Internal herniation of the brain resulting in fatal compression of the brain stem may be caused by:

a. Subdural hematoma
b. Glioma
c. Brain abscess
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
Emboli from atherosclerotic plaques of the vertebrobasilar arteries:

a. Cause transient ischemic cerebral attacks (TIA's)
b. Cause cerebrovascular accidents or strokes
c. Both
d. Neither
c. Both
Which of the following diseases is caused by degeneration of the substantia nigra in the midbrain?

a. Alzheimer's disease
b. Parkinson's disease
c. Huntington's chorea
d. Lou Gehrig's disease
b. Parkinson's disease
A marine at a basic training camp is suspected of having acute bacterial meningitis. Spinal fluid was obtained and examined. All but which one of the following findings would substantiate the diagnosis?

a. Increased lymphocytes in spinal fluid
b. Increased neutrophils in spinal fluid
c. Increased protein level in spinal fluid
d. Decreased glucose level in spinal fluid
a. Increased lymphocytes in spinal fluid
All but which one of the following are usually true about meningiomas:

a. Are encapsulated and usually benign
b. Grow on the surface of the brain
c. Displace but do not infiltrate the brain tissue
d. Location often precludes resection surgically
d. Location often precludes resection surgically
Hydrocephalus refers to:

a. Accumulation of fluid in the ventricles
b. A bacterial infection of the covering of the brain
c. Bruising of the surface of the brain
d. A closed head injury
a. Accumulation of fluid in the ventricles
A major complication of increased intracranial pressure is:

a. Chronic infection
b. Hydrocephalus
c. Herniation of the brain
d. Recurrent seizures
c. Herniation of the brain
Long-term neurological deficits after a closed head injury are related to:

a. Degeneration of the pigmented neurons in the substantia nigra
b. Diffuse axonal injury where axons are sheared
c. Loss of myelin around the axons
d. Obstruction of the flow of cerebral spinal fluid
b. Diffuse axonal injury where axons are sheared
A brain infarct may be caused by:

a. Atherosclerosis
b. Lack of oxygen in the blood
c. Both
d. Neither
c. Both
A common degenerative disease usually of older individuals characterized by neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques is:

a. Guillain-Barre Syndrome
b. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
c. Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease
d. Alzheimer's disease
d. Alzheimer's disease
An inherited disease with both a dementia component and a movement disorder is:

a. Lou Gehrig's disease
b. Huntington's disease
c. Parkinson's disease
d. Tay Sach's disease
b. Huntington's disease
The most common brain tumor is:

a. Glioma
b. Meningioma
c. Metastatic from lung and breast cancer
d. Neurofibroma
c. Metastatic from lung and breast cancer
Which of the following is an example of a neural tube CNS defect:

a. Meningomyelocele
b. Tay Sach's disease
c. Glycogen storage disease
d. Guillain-Barre syndrome
a. Meningomyelocele
Increased intracranial pressure is caused by:

a. Brain tumors
b. Closed head injury
c. Hydrocephalus
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
In closed head injuries, from trauma, hemorrhage in the deeper brain structures is usually the result of:

a. Edema
b. Infection
c. Shearing of axons
d. Penetration of fragments
c. Shearing of axons
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings in bacterial meningitis include all but which of the following:

a. Increased white cell count (WBC)
b. Increased protein concentration
c. Increased red cell count (RBC)
d. Decreased glucose
c. Increased red cell count (RBC)