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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Youthful River
They erode it's channels deeper rather than wider. It flows very fast because of its steep gradient. It has a narrow straight channel. It has a smaller disharge than other types of rivers and has many rapids and water falls. It doesn't have many tributaries.
Mature River
It erodes it's channel wider rather than deeper. It's gradient isn't as steep as a youthful river and has less waterfalls and rapids. It has many tributaries. It has more discharge than a youthful river.
Old River
They have a low gradient and little eroasive power. It deposits dirt and rocks along it's channel. It has many bends, few waterfalls and rapids, and has fewer tributaries than a mature river because its smaller tributaries have formed together as part of the river.
The processes by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports soil and sediment from one location to another
A stream that flows into a lake or into a larger stream.
The path that a stream follows.
River Basin
Drainage area of a river
A semi-enclosed area where fresh water from a river meets salty water from the sea.
Pertaining to the edges of streams or rivers.
Eroded soil particles that wash or blow into rivers
The amount of water that a stream or river carries in a given amount of time
The measure of the change in elevation over a certain distance. The higher the gradient the faster it flows and the more erosive energy it has.
The materials carries by a stream or river
Bed Load
Large materials such as boulders and pebbles that bounce along the river bed.
Suspended Load
Materials such as small rocks and soil carried within the river itself.
Dissolved Load
Materials that are dissolved in the water such as calcium and sodium.