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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Who is likely to be affected by Osteoarthritis?
Women older than 50.
What are the clinical signs of Osteoarthritis?
Heberdens nodes in the DIP joint, Bouchard nodes at the PIP and crepitus in the involved joint.
Who is likely to be affected by Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Women under the age of 40.
What are the signs and symptoms of RA?
Ulnar deviation
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Dorsal sublaxation
Swan neck deformity
Boutonierre's deformity
Z-deformity of the thumb
Rupture of extensor tendons with associated inflammation
What is osteogenesis imperfecta?
An inherited autosomal dominant trait characterized by brittle bones that often lead to multiple fractures. Other characteristics include blue sclerae, short stature, deformed skull, hearing loss and dental AbN.
What is osteomalacia?
Also known as "rickets" in children, it is a disorder of defective mineralization of the organic matrix of the skeleton due to inadequate intake or metabolism of Vitamin D.
What are the Sx of osteomalacia?
Susceptibility to fractures, growth disturbances, skeletal deformities.
What are the seronegative spondyloarthropathies?
PAIR:
Psoriasis
Ankylosing spondylitis
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Reiter syndrome
What are the most common extraintestinal manifestations of IBD?
Anaemia is the most common, followed by arthritis.
What is Ankylosing Spondylitis and who is likely to get it?
A chronic and progressive inflammatory disease that most commonly affects the spinal, sacroiliac and hip joints. Other Sx may include uveitis and aortitis. Men in the third decade of life are the most frequently affected.
What are the possible complications of antiphospholipid syndrome?
Venous and arterial thrombotic events
History of miscarriages
Leg ulcers
Raynaud's phenomenon
Livido reticularis
What is Takayasu's arteritis?
Granulomatous arteritis that affects women more than men. Pts usually in their 4th decade of life. Typically affects the aorta and its major branches. Pts have absent pulses in the upper arm and complain of arm claudication.
What are Henoch-Schonlein purpura?
A small-vessel vasculitis as a consequence of IgA deposition in the walls of small vessles, affecting mostly children, and presenting with AGAR (Abdominal pain, Glomerulonephritis, Arthralgia and Rash)
What is Sjogren syndrome?
Autoimmune disorder of unknown aetiology characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of salivary and lacrymal glands, leading to glandular fibrosis and exocrine failure (xerostomia and dry eyes). May occur with other autoimmune diseases such as RA or SLE.
What are the clinical features of fibromyalgia?
Insomnia
Easy fatigability
Widespread MSK pain & stiffness