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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Allusion
a brief reference to a historical or literary figure, event, or object
Analogy
a comparison of two things, alike in certain aspects
Anthimera
the use of one part of speech for another
Conceit
a long, complex metaphor
Erotema
(rhetorical question)- asking a question for a purpose of asserting or denying something indirectly, rather than for eliciting a response
Genre
a major literary category
Hyperbole
(overstatement)- the use of exaggerated terms for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect
Irony (Dramatic)
information known to the audience but hidden from the characters
Irony (Situation-Cosmic)
when twists of events result in an order that seems driven by an outside force, or when events are highly expected
Irony (Verbal)
conveying a meaning opposite to the literal meaning of the word used
Litotes
deliberate use of understatement, not to deceive someone but to enhance the impressiveness of what we say.
Metaphor
an implied comparison between two things of unlike nature that have something in common
Metonymy
substitution of some attributive or suggestive word for what is actually meant
Onomatopoeia
use of words whose sound echoes the sense
Oxymoron
The yoking of two terms that are ordinarily contradictory
Paradox
an apparently contradictory statement that nevertheless contains some truth
Periphrasis
Substitution of a descriptive word or phrase for a proper name or of a proper name for a quality associated with that name
Prosopopeia
(personification)- investing abstractions or inanimate objects with human qualities or abilities
Pun
a play on words where a word can have multiple meanings
Simile
an explicit comparison between two things of unlike nature that yet have something in common (using “like” or “as”)
Synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part stands for the whole (or the genus for the species or vice versa)
Parallelism
similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses
Antithesis
the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, often in parallel structure
Alliteration
repetition of initial or medial consonants in two or more adjacent words
Antithesis
juxtaposing (setting off) two things in parallel structure
Assonance
repetition of similar vowel sounds in the stressed syllable of adjacent words
Anaphora
repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginnings of clauses
Epistrophe
repetition of the same word or group of words at the end of successive clauses
Chiasmus
(reverse parallelism)-reversal of grammatical structures in successive phrases or clauses but without repetition of words.
Connotation
the emotional implications attached to a word
Denotation
the literal meaning of a word, independent of its emotional associations
Archaic
obsolete phrasing, idiom, syntax or spelling
Colloquialism
an expression used in informal speech but not accepted universally in formal speech and writing. Lies between formal and slang.
Slang
vernacular speech, not accepted for formal speech-usually used in writing for humor, exaggeration or onomatopoeia effect.