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35 Cards in this Set

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alliteration: lepidum novum libellum
repetiton of the same sound beginning several words in sequence.
anacoluthon: ut nostrum insidiis caput lacessas, a tum te miserum malique fati!
lack of grammatical sequence; a change in the grammatical construction within the same sentence
anaphora
the rhetorical repetition of a word or phrase for greater emphasis.
anastrophe
transposition of normal word order; most often found in Latin in the case of prepositions and the words they control.
antistrophe
repetition of the same word or phrase at the end of successive clauses.
antithesis: for while they were fighting at full pitch, I was running at full tilt
opposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction.
apo koinou
two constructions depending "on a common [word]" in a compressed phrase where a single word has a double syntactic function.
apostrophe: o factum male! o miselle passer!
a sudden turn from the general audience to address a specific group or person or personified abstraction absent or present.
archaism: "Qui?.."
the use of an old-fashioned word or expression to give a traditional feeling.
assonance: lepidum novum libellum
repetition of the same sound in words close to each other
asyndeton
lack of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words.
chiasmus: Aureli pathice et cinaede Furi
two corresponding pairs arranged not in parallels but in inverted order (a-b-b-a).
conceit: associate with Poem 3, Lament For a Sparrow
an elaborate or far-fetched idea.
ellipse
omission of a word that can be understood from context (often with esse).
enjambment: si tecum attuleris bonam atque magnam cenam
the running on of phrasing from on line to the next, particularly where the words separated by line ending are closely connected.
golden line
the five-word line arranged adjective, adjective, verb, noun, noun
hapax legomenon
only occurence of word in preserved Latin literature
hendiadys
use of two words connected by a conjunction, instead of subordinating one to the other, to express a single complex idea.
homoioteleuton: lepidum novum libellum
a recurrence of similar endings in successive words
hyperbaton: desideratoque acquiescimus lecto?
separation of words which belong together, often to emphasize the first of the separated words or to create a certain image
hyperbole: da mi basia mille, deinde centum...
exaggeration for emphasis or for rhetorical effect
litotes: non sine candida puella
understatemen, usually by way of a double negative
meiosis: meas...nugas
(oppositie of hyperbole) rhetorical understatement calculated to make a thing seem greater than it is by making light of it.
metonymy:...pillatis nona fratribus pila...
substitution of one word for another it suggests
onomatopoeia: pipiabat
use of words to imitate natural sounds
personification: meminit fides
attribution of personality to an impersonal thing
pleonasm: quam te libenter quamque laetus inviso
use of more words than necessary, repetition of the same idea in different words
polyptoton: quicum lidere, quem in sinu tenere, cui primum digitum dare
repetition of the same word or of words from the same root but different endings
polysendeton
the repetition of conjunctions in a series of coordinate words, phrases, or clauses
simile
an explicit comparison between two things using 'like' or 'as'
synchysis: quicum ludere, quem in sinu tenere
interlocked word order
syncope
the abbreviation of a word, usually a verb, for the sake of metrical economy
synecdoche: penetrabit Indos
understanding one thing with another; the use of a part for the whole or the whole for the part.
transferred epithet
grammatical agreement of a word with another word which it does not logically qualify
tricolon crescendo: Lugete, o Veneres...deliciae meae puellae
a rhetorical contruction in which each "leg" of a period is longer than the one preceding it.