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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Allegory
Characters in story represent abstract ideas.
Allusion
Reference to outside source
Ambiguity
Statements that have 2+ possible meanings, vague
Analogy
Comparison of unknown idea to a known idea.
Apostrophe
Direct address to imaginary person
Colloquialism
Use of expressions/words/spelling that is not accepted in normal language to embellish narrative.
Conceit
Far-fetched metaphor. Highly dissimilar things
Euphenism
Mild substitute for harsh saying.
Hyperbole
Exaggeration, overstatement
Litotes
Understatement
Imagery
Visual
Auditory
Gustatory
Olfactory
Kinesthetic - muscle movement
Organic - inside of you
Tactile - touch
Irony
Dramatic - readers know, characters don't
Situational - opposite of what one expects happens
Verbal - opposite of what is said is meant
Metonymy
Substitution of one word for another which it is associated with (symbol).
Paradox(oxymoron)
Self-contracting statement.
Oxymoron - pun-like, words close to e/o
Synecdoche
Comparison on one thing to a part of the whole thing (tails/dogs)
Anadiplosis
Last word of sentence is first word of next sentence.
Anaphora
Repetition of the same word/phrase in the beginning of phrases/sentences.
Anastrophe
inversion of usual word order (Yoda speak)
Anthimeria
Substitution of one part of speech for another (He danced his didn't)
Antithesis
Contrast in ideas by contrasting words/clauses in parallel structures.
Apposition
Placing an "explanation noun" Ex. " I knew a boy, a rifleman..."
Asyndeton/Polysyndeton
Absense or overuse of conjunctions.
Chiasmus
Reversal of order of words in otherwise parallel sentence.
"Ask not what your country..."
Climax
Sentence arranged in order of increasing importance.
Epistrohpe
Opposite of anaphora, repetition of words at the end of phrases/sentences.
Loose sentence
Main idea in beginning, details in the back.
Periodic sentence
Main clause (main idea) comes las, preceded by subordinate clause.
Parataxis
Placing together words/sentences without any conjunctions.
Periphrasis (circumlocution)
Substitution of word to suggest a personality characteristic.
Polypton
Repeating of words from the same root "Strength, strong..."
Zeugma
Use of words to modify 2+ words so that it applies to each word differently.
Aphorism
Brief statement, trite, cliched (memorable phrase)