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50 Cards in this Set

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Senatus
IN the Roman Republic this was referred to as teh senate or counsel of elders
How many positions did the Senatus hold?
There were 300 members who held their rule for life
Who was the Senatus ruled by?
The Senatus was a patriarchy - ruled by men
Aristotle's definition of Rhetoric
The faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion
Kenneth Burke's definition of rheotric
The use of language as a symbolic means to induce cooperation in beings that by nature respond to symbols.
Richard Weaver's defination of rhetoric
Truth plus its artful presentation
Rod Hard's definition of rhetoric
the art of using language to help narrow the choices among specifiable policy options
J Herrick's definition of rhetoric
systematic study and intentional practice of effective symbolic expression
symbols
any mark, sign, sound, or gesture that communicates meaning based on social agreement
persuasion
the co-creation of a state of identification or alignment between a source and a reciever that results from the use of symbols
Study of practical reasoning
the decision-making process of everyday life
Social control
how we are molded to accept our cultures beliefs, values, and attitudes
Revolutionary Radical
societal institutions are diseased, corrupt, and oppressive

Traditional values are dishonest

to achieve the new age we must do it through violence and subversion
Radical
disatisfied with existing order

committed to through change to achieve the new age

can achieve change without violence
Liberal
generally satisfied with existing order

willing to experiment within the boundaries of traditional instituions
Conservative
satisfied with existing order

suspicious of change, but recognize change is a part of life

natural inclination towards stability, past, continuity
Standpattism
prefer today over yesterday or tomorrow

oppose change no matter how innovative or respectful

believe society can be static
reactionary
long for the past
unwilling to accept the present
Revolutionary Reactionary
willing to use subversion and violence to overthrow current institutions

long for Golden Age of yesteryear
How does rhetoric seek persuasion?
Through arguments
argument
set of statements in which a claim is made, support is offered, and there is an attempt to influence someone within a context of disagreement
Claim
conclusion we want the audience to accept
support
evidence and reasoning
examples of support
reports, testimony, statistics, artifacts
proof
the result or effect of evidence; the perfection of evidence
Donald C. Bryant's single definition perspective of rhetoric
rhetoric is concerned with an informed opinion based on probability rather than certain truths resulting from scientific demonstration
According to the single perspective of rhetoric by Donald C. Bryant what is the function of rhetoric?
functions to adjust ideas to people and people to ideas
According to Donald C. Bryant what is the goal of rhetoric?
the obtainment of maximum proability as the basis of public decision-making
Systems perspective of rhetoric
an organized, consistent, coherant way of thinking about something
three systems of rhetoric?
classical system
british and continental system
contemporary system
Corax adn Tisias were ________ during the Classical system of rhetoric
sophists - traveling teachers, taught public speaking for a fee
Logographos
Speechwriter; Sophists, such as Corax adn Tisias, were hired for this position
Arete
virtue, personal excellence, qualities of leadership
Lloyd Blitzer's Rhetorical situation
a complex of people, events, objects, and relations presenting an exigence which can be completely or partially removed by discourse
Rossiter's typology of seven political philosophies
your politcal philosophy is based on your orientation towards change
What are some traditional Greek Aretes?
courage, moderation, justice, wisdom, piety
Which method did the Sophists use?
They taught using the dialectic method which invent arguments both for and against a proposition
Endoxa
This is what the dialectic method that the Sophists use began with. The Endoxa is a premise widely believed to be true
Dissoi Logoi
contradictory argument; i.e. equally strong arguments can be produced both for and against any proposition
Better to possess more virtue than much money is an example of a...
Endoxa - premises widely believed to be true
Kairos
weak arguments become strong
Sophists were controversial in many aspects. Which ones?
Polis - the city
Nomos - social agreement
thesmos -authority of King
physis - natural law
Nomos
social agreement
thesmos
authority of king
physis
natural law
Gorgias of Leontini believe that reality existed where...
in the mind (physche)
How did Gorgias of Leontini thought what could be manipulated?
Gorgias of Leontini believed you can manipulate the pshyce through words - thus you can never be certain of anything
psychagogas
someone who can speak to an audience and persuade them on any topic
Who was a psychagogas or who believed this was possible?
Gorgias of Leontini
Gorgias of Leontini taught his students to use rhetorical devices. What are some examples?
Rhetorical devices are figures of speech. Schemes, tropes,