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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ASSIGNATS
1st French paper currency issued by General Assembly
BASTILLE
medieval fortress converted to a prison; stormed by peasants for ammunition during early stages of French Rev.
BOUGEOISIE
members of the 3rd estate; middle class; wanted privileges of the nobility &upper clergy
REVOLUTIONARY CALENDAR
created by National Convention; established after French Rev.; day one was 1st day of the French Republic
COMMITTEE OF PUBLIC SAFETY
estab. &led by Robespierre; fixed bread prices; nationalized businesses; secret police that controlled war effort; began Reign of Terror
CONSULATE
form of government that followed the Directory; estab. by Napolean; ended when he became emperor
NATIONAL CONVENTION
3rd estate of the Estates General; broke from the Estates because it was segregated; proclaimed France a republic; sentenced Louis XVI to death; created new calendar
DANTON
led Mountains w/Robespierre
DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN
written by National Convention; declared all men could do anything as long as it didnt harm others
DIRECTORY
5 man executive for Robespierre &Assembly; overthrown by Napolean
ENCYLCOPEDIA
Diderot; collection of works during the Enlightenment; explained many aspects of society
ESTATES GENERAL
called by Louis XVI; demanded control over King's finances; he refused &dismissed them; had 3 groups [low, middle, high]
GABELLE
tax on salt; included in the Estate's list of grievances
GIRONDISTS
loyalists and conservatives of National Convention; determined to continue war against tyranny
GREAT FEAR
rumors spread among the peasantry that nobles had hired brigands to march on villages and destroy the peasants' new harvest
GUILLOTINE
used for mass execution; mainly during Reign of Terror by Robespierre
INTENDANTS
created by Napolean; kept watch over their own area of France
LEVEE EN MASSE
law that obligated all French men to enlist in army
LOUIS XVI
King of France; executed for treason by National Convention; husband of Antoinette
MARIE ANTOINETTE
executed; hated by women; was attacked; convicted of treason
ROBESPIERRE
member of National Assembly; led Mountain; began &led Committee of Public Safety; began Reign of Terror
SANS-CULOTTES
petty laborers &laboring poor; demanded political action to guarantee daily bread
TENNIS COURT OATH
taken by National Assembly; stated that they would not disband until they had made a new constituion
FIRST ESTATE
clergy
SECOND ESTATE
nobility
THRID ESTATE
artisans etc.; everyone else
THERMIDOREAN REACTION
reation against violence of Reign of Terror; Robespierre was executed
ANCIEN REGIME
old order before the Revolution in France
VERSAILLES
palace outside of Paris; women marched there to demand action from Louis XVI
MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT
"Vindication of the Rights of Man" & "A Vindication of the Rights of Women"
BERLIN DECREE
issued by Napolean; instituted the Continental System; in response of BRitish blockade of commercial ports under French control
JOSEPH BONAPARTE
Napolean's brother; made king of Spain but unable to control it; led to Peninsula War
CONFEDERATION OF THE RHINE
league of German states organized by Napolean after defeating Austrians at Austerlitz; collapsed after Napoleon's defeat in Russia
CONTINENTAL SYSTEM
French economic plan to destroy Britain's economy; Russia's refusal to conform led to the Russian campaign
THE GRAND ARMY
combined French armies under Napolean; destroyed during Napolean's Russian campaign
LOUIS XVIII
tried to issue a Constituional Chrater which accepted many revolutionary changes &guaranteed civil liberties
NAPOLEONIC CODE
took away many of the rights gained by women; aimed at re-establishing a "family monarchy"; protected private property &authority of husbands
PENINSULA WAR
France was forced to invade Spain after failure of Joseph Bonaparte; very costly for Napolean; Duke of Wellington helped Spain
TALLEYRAND
French representative at Congress of Vienna; limited demands of other countries upon French
SAINT HELENA
South Atlantic island; Napolean's final home after Battle of Waterloo
BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR
British's Admiral Nelson destroyed French &Spanish navies; was killed; led to Austria, Prussia, Sweden, &Britain forming 3rd Coalition against France
METTERNICH
Austrian that controlled Congress of Vienna; wanted to promote peace, conservatism, &repression of liberal nationalism throughout Europe
THE HUNDERED DAYS
time from Napolean's return from eile on Elba to defeat at Waterloo