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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Circandian rhythm
rhythm that completes a full cycle every 24 hours
Delta Sleep
Deep sleep
Dyssomnias
Sleep disorders characterized by insomnia or excessive sleepiness
Enuresis
Involuntary urination
Hypersomnia
condition characterized by excessive sleeping; especially daytime sleeping
Insomnia
Difficulty in falling asleep, inermittent sleep, or early awakening from sleep
Narcolepsy
condition characterized by an uncontrolled desire to sleep
Nocturnal Myoclonus
Disorder with marked muscle contractions that results in the jerking of one or both legs during sleep
NREM
non-rapid eye movement that characterizes four stages of sleep
Parasomnias
patterns of waking behavior that appears during sleep; sleepwalking, sleep talking, nocturnal erections
REM
rapid eye movement that characterizes the dream state of sleep
Rest
Condition in which the body is in a decreased state of activity, with the consequent feeling of being refreshed.
Restless leg syndrome
Patients are unable to lie still and report experiencing upleasant creeping, crawling, or tingling sensations in the legs
Secondary sleep disorder
sleep alterations caused by another clinical disorder.
Sleep
state of altered consciousness throughout which varying degrees of stimuli produce wakefulness
Sleep apnea
period of no breathing during sleep; may last for periods of 10-20 secs to as long as 2 mins
Sleep Cycle
Passage through the 4 stages of NREM sleep (I,II,III,IV) then reversal (IV, III,II) and finally, instead of reentering stage I and awakening, entering REM sleep and returning to stage II
Sleep deprivation
decreased amount or quality of sleep; irritable, hypersensitive, apathetic, and diminished reflexes
Somnambulism
sleep walking