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26 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
airway to which the vocal cords are attached
larynx
voluntary action
chooses to move or do the action
movement of the lungs bringing oxygen in and carbon dioxide out
breathing
breathing at the cellular level (chemical reaction)
bring in food and oxygen release carbon dioxide, water and energy (mitochondria)
respiration
Our atmosphere is made up of mostly what?
Nitrogen



two short tubes that branch off the lower end of the trachea and carry air into the lungs.
bronchi
tiny, grapelike clusters at the end of bronchioles that are surrounded by capillaries, where carbon dioxide and oxygen exchange take place.
alveoli
How much oxygen is in the atmosphere?
21%
occurs when the air passages (bronchioles) fill with mucus and are inflamed
Chronic bronchitis
second hand smoke
worst than smoking receiving smoke from another smoker
when particles such as gas transport from high to low
diffusion
two openings in the nose
nostrils
lung disease in which the alveoli enlarge and burst
emphasema
tubelike passageway for food, liquid, and air (THROAT)
pharynx
waste gas
carbon dioxide
air-conducting tube that connects the larynx with the bronchi, is lined with mucous membranes and cilia, and contains strong cartilage rings
trachea
where does cellular respiration occur?
mitochondria
muscle beneath the lungs that contracts and relaxes to move gases in and out of the body.
diaphragm
hairlike structures in the nasal cavity
cilia
damaged cells in your lungs grow out of control
lung cancer
voice box
larynx
flap of tissue at the base of the pharynx
epiglottis
pneumonia
is a bacterial infection in the alveoli
connects veins and arteries
capillaries
involuntary action
no choice does it automatically
lung disorder in which the bronchial tubes contract quickly and cause shortness of breath, wheezing, or coughing; may occur as an allergic reaction
asthma