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12 Cards in this Set

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What are Beta Agonists?
Reduce bronchospasm by relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle. Reduce histamine release from Mast cells
What are Leukotriene Antagonists?
Act to inhibit leukotrienes, inflammatory agent that causes bronchoconstriction and increased mucus production.
What are andrenergics?
Relasxes bronchial and uterine smooth muscle by acting on beta andregeneric receptors (Acts like sympathetic nervous system)
What are side effects of andregenerics?
Tachycardia, hypertension, nervousness, tremor, dizziness,
What are nursing implications of Adrenergics?
Monitor BP and Pulse, give with food if NV
Do not crush Push fluids by mouth, avoid caffeine, complete respiratory evaluation essential
What are Methylxanthine Agents?
Dialate the bronchial airway and vasodialates pulmonary blood vessels - rarely used
What are side effects of Methylxanthine agents?
H/A N/V Tachytcardia, shakiness
What are nursing interventions for Methylxanthine Agents?
Monitor BP and Pulse, Use IV pump
name 5 beta Agonists
Albuterol - Proventil
Metaproterenol - Alupent
Salmeterol xinafoate (Serevent)
Levalbuterol (Xopenex)
Pirbuterol (Maxair) longer duration
Name 3 Luekotriene Antagonists
Montelukast (Singulair) - most common
Zileuton (Zylfo)
Zafirlukast (Accolate)
Name three Methylxanthine agents
Theophylline - Slo-Phyllin - Theo-Dur
AMinophylline - Aminophyllin
Oxtriphylline - Choledyl
More interventions for Methylxanthine agents:
Monitor amoniphylline levels therapeutic range 10-20 Mcg/ml
Give with food if nv
DO not crush extended release
Push PO fluids
Complete respiratory evaluation essential