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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name ten Antihistamines
Brompheniramine - Dimetane
Cetirzine - Zyrtec
Chlopheniramine - CHlor - Trimeton
Clemastine - Tavist
Cyproheptadine HCL - Periactin
Diphenhydramine - Benadryl
Loratadine - CLaritin
Promethazine - Phenegran
Triprolidine - Actifed
Side effects of Antihistamines
Deowsiness, restlessness, constipation, urinary retention, anorexia
Nursing considerations of antihistamines
Avoid ETOH and CNS depressnats, avoid activities that require alertness until effect known, increase fluids and fiber, Pregnancy check with MD
What do decongestants do?
Produce vasoconstriction of respiratory tract mucosa by decreasing nasal congestion.
Name two decongestents
Pseudoephredine (Sudafed)
Cloratidine (Claritin D)
Name 3 side effects of decongestents
Nervousness, insomnia, H/a headache
Name some adverse effects of decongestants
Overdose can cause tachycardia, hallucinations, seizures
What are demulcents
Given for soothing effect
What's another anme for demulcents
Cough medicine (OTC) honey, hard candy
What are topical decongestants?
Cause local vasoconstriction of dilated arterioles, decreasing blood flow and nasal congestion
Name three topical decongestants
Naphazoline (Privine)
Oxymetazoline (AFRIN, Sudafed, Drixoral)
Phenylephine (Neo-synephrine)
Name 3 antituberculars
Isoniazid (INH)
Rifampin - Rifadin