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16 Cards in this Set

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this is the volume of an individual breath during quiet breathing. It averages about 500 ml.
Tidal volume
this is the volume of the lungs after a maximal expiration
residual volume
this is the volume of the lungs after a maximal voluntary inspiration
total lung capacity
this is the difference between Total Lung Capacity (TLC) and Residual Volume (RV); i.e, it is the maximum volume of air that can be exhaled starting at full lung inflation.
vital capacity
this is the lung volume at the end of a normal expiration, when the muscles of respiration are completely relaxed
functional resudual volume
A condition characterized by dilation and destruction of alveolar walls; it produces airflow obstruction as determined by pulmonary function testing.
Emphysema
A clinical condition marked by airway inflammation and excess mucus secretion, manifested by couth and sputum production. It may cause narrowing of the airways and increase their resistance
bronchitis
a condition characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness, which results in reversible increases in bronchial smooth muscle tone, and variable amounts of inflammation of the bronchial mucosa
asthma
disease characterized by dilation of the alveolar spaces and destruction of the alveolar walls. With their loss, much of the elastic recoil of the lung is also lost.
emphysema
this is the volume of the lungs after a maximal voluntary inspiration
total lung capacity
volume of air that can be exhaled from the lungs during a forced expiration following a maximal inspiration.
forced vital capacity
Your lungs' efficiency at delivering oxygen and other gases to your bloodstream is known as your
diffusion capacity
vq scan tests for what>?
pulmonary embolism
normal ph is what
7.35-7.45
normal PCO2 is what?
35-45
normal HCO3 is
22-26