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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Oxygen inhaled through the lungs
Passes to blood and carbon dioxide
Removed from the blood and exhaled into the air
Respiration
Inhalation or inspiration
Exhalation or expiration
Respiratory system structures
Nose and nasal cavity
Pharynx
Larynx
Trachea
Bronchi
Lungs
Pleural and mediastinal cavities
Nose, Nasal Cavities, and Paranasal Sinuses
External nares
Cilia
Nasal cavity
Nasal septum
Olfactory neurons
Paranasal sinuses
pharynx- Nasopharynx
Internal nares
Separated by nasal septum
Eustachian tubes
Adenoids and pharyngeal tonsils
pharynx- Oropharynx
Palatine and lingual tonsils
pharynx- Laryngopharynx
Opens into the larynx and esophagus
Larynx
Adam’s apple
Epiglottis
Vocal cords
Glottis
Trachea
Extends from the larynx to the bronchi
Lined with mucous membranes and cilia
Mainly muscle fibers
C-shaped cartilage
Bronchi
Trachea divides into two primary bronchi
Secondary and tertiary bronchi
Bronchioles
Lungs
Top of lung is apex
Bottom of lung is base
Right lung
Left Lung
Alveoli and alveolar ducts
Pulmonary capillaries
Right Lung
Three lobes
Superior, middle, and inferior
Left Lung
Two lobes
Superior and inferior
Pleural cavity
Surrounds the lungs
Parietal and visceral pleura
Pleural fluid
Mediastinal cavity
Lies between the lungs
Contains the heart, aorta, trachea, and esophagus
Bronchi/o; bronch/o
bronchus
Bronchiol/o
bronchioles; small bronchi
Alveol/o
alveoli; air sacs
Adenoid/o
adenoids
Lob/o
lobe
Mediastin/o
mediastinum
Muc/o
mucus
Pector/o
chest
Phren/o
diaphragm
Pleur/a; pleur/o
pleura; pleural cavity
Sinus/o
sinuses
Pneumon/o; pulmon/o; pneum/o
lungs
Pneumat/o
air; respiration
Spir/o
breathing
Steth/o; Thorac/o
chest
-graphy
process of recording; producing images
-phonia
voice
-pnea
breathing
-capnia
carbon dioxide
-sphyxia
pulse
-ptysis
spitting
-thorax
chest
Aging
Costal cartilage hardens
Thoracic cage becomes rigid
Elasticity of the lungs diminishes
Respiratory muscles weaken
Cilia less active
Coughing reflex diminishes
Common Diseases
Asthma
Emphysema
Lung cancer
Pneumonia
AP
anteroposterior
CXR
chest X-ray
IRV
inspiratory reserve volume
ERV
expiratory reserve volume
R
respiration
RV
residual volume
SOA
shortness of air
SOB
shortness of breath
PA
posteroanterior
PFT
pulmonary function tests
TV
tidal volume
URT
upper respiratory tract
URI
upper respiratory infection
LRI
Lower respiratory infection
T&A
tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy (kids only)