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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Air entering the body is filtered, warmed, and humidified by the_______
upper respiratory system
Surfactant helps prevent the alveoli from_____
collapsing
The_____is lined by squamous epithelium
alveoli
The glottis is th eopening to the________
larynx
The cartilage that makes up most of the anterior and laterl surfaces of the larynx is the _______cartilage.
Thyroid
Secondary bronchi supply air to the lobes of the______
Lungs
The respiratory membrane consists primarily of simple squamus_____
epithelium
Pulmonary ventilation refers to the movement of air into and out of the_____
lungs
Dalton's law states in a mixture of gases like air, the total pressure is the sum of the individual______ pressures of the gases in the mixture.
partial
Most of the carbon dioxide in the blood is transported as __________ions.
bicarbonate
The pneumotaxic center of the pons modifies the rate and depth of_______
breathing
The Hering- Breur reflex protects the lungs form damage due to ________
overinflation
Mary lives in St. Louis which is close to sea level. She decides to spend a month of her summer vacation working in the mountains of Denver. After a week in the mountains, you expect to see a decreased PO@ in her______
alveoli
Digestion refers to the __________breakdown of food
chemical
Most of the digestive tract is lined by____________epithelium.
mucous simple columan
Parital cells secrete_________acid
hydrochloric
The enzyme pepsin digests______.
protein
The fusion of the hepatic duct and cystic duct forms the coomon bile_____
duct
The Kuppfer cells of the liver are_________
phagocytic
The taenis coli are 3______________ bands of smooth muscle located benath the serosa of the colon
longitudinal
In response to the hormone cholecytokinin, the pancreas secretes a fluid rich in _________
enzymes
A drug that blocks the action of carbonic anhydrase in parietal cells would result in a higher___during gastric digestion
PH
the sum of all of the biochemical proccesses going on within the human body at any given time is called ________
metabolism
During glycolysis, a molecule of glucose is ocnverted into ______molecules of pyruvic acid
2
The carbon dioxide of respiration is formed during the ____cycle
TCA
Beta-oxidation is the process that breaks down fatty acids into two-carbon______that can be meatbolized by TCA cycle
fragments
In oxidation phosphorylation, energy for the synthesis of ATP is provided by the movement of ______ ions through channels in the respiratory enzymes
hydrogens
When blood levels of glucose, amino acids, and insulin are high, and glycogenesis is occuring in the liver, the body is in the_____state.
absorptive
Brown fat is found in_______
infants
If you were in a desert without water, which nutrient would you like to have stored in your body in a large amount?_____
lipids