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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
values
moral principles we subscribe to and that influence our actions
ethics
codes or guidelines that help resolve value conflicts
economic justice
fair distribution of resources; "distributive" justice
differential principle
tolerating the uneven distribution of resources and wealth when it carries some benefit for those with the least (John Rawls)
Constructs
the things studied (things, concepts, events, etc)
conceptual framework
constructs and relationships you are interested in, how they might fit together, whom you are interested in (your sample), and what theories underlie your work
etiology
development, causes of construct
epidemiology
how construct is spread across society
parsimony
simplicity
variables
operationalized constructs, what is measured
operationalize
clearly indicate how something is measured
nominal scale
(categorical) just names or types without numerical significance
ordinal scale
(categorical) relate to the rank order
interval scale
(continuous) difference between numbers are the same, lack true zeros
ratio scale
like interval scale but has true zero, which is when a value of zero means that the amount being measured is nothing
independent variable
predictor or causal
dependent variable
outcome; the thing affected by other things in the model
control variable
other possible influences on dependent variable that are tracked
Common Rule
Adoption of regulations by multiple federal agencies
Belmont Report
1) Respect for Persons: “treat individuals as autonomous human beings”
2) Beneficience: min. risk, max. benefits
3) Justice: equitable share of research burden/benefit
Evidence Based Practice
1) Best available evidence
2) Professional Judgement
3) Client values and circumstances
EBP Steps
1) Formulate a clear clinical question from a client’s problem
2) Search the literature for the best relevant evidence
3) Evaluate the evidence for its validity and usefulness
4) Combine evidence with clinical judgment and client factors and apply.
PICO
Patient
Intervention
Comparison
Outcome
A conceptual framework has
Population of study
Constructs of interest
Relationship between constructs