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16 Cards in this Set

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Seminiferous Tubules
In testes, sperm production is stimulated by testosterone (androgen) which is produced by Leydig cells
Epididymis
Sperm pass after Seminiferous Tubules- final sperm & maturation & storage
Vas Deferens
Continuation of epididymis- transports sperm, fuses with ducts, from seminal vesicles behind bladder
Urethra
Tube that runs through the penis and drains both the excretory and reproductive system
Seminal Vesicles
60% semen volume produces mucus, fructose (energy for sperm), prostoglandins (uterine contractions), coagulant proteins
Prostate Gland
(accessory gland)
30$ semen volume & secretes thin alkaline basic milky fluid that neutralizes acidity of residual urine and acidity of vagina
Bulbourethral Gland
(accessory gland)
Cowper's Gland
-secretes mucus that neutralizes acid in urethra prior to ejaculation
-carries some sperm released prior to ejaculation
Penis
-composed of 3 cylinders of spongy tissue that fill with blood during arousal (erection)
Scrotum
-Sac containing testes -2 degrees below ambient temperature --> ideal for sperm formation
Ovaries
-gonads
-contain about 400,000 follicles at birth
-attached at each side of uterus
Follicles
-consist of develping egg and one or more layers of follicle cells that nourish and protect developing egg
-release developing egg into abdominal cavity (ovulation)
-prior to ovulation, secretes estrogen
Corpus Luteum
-Solid mass of remianing follicular tissue (after ovulation secretes progesterone and estrogen
-If egg is not fertilized, will disintegrate and a new folliccle matures for the next cycle
Uterus
(womb)
-posses lining (endometrium) that is rich in blood vessels and is the place of attachment and development of embryo
Vagina
repository for sperm & birth canal
Urethra (F)
Excretory tract separate from birth canal
Fallopian Tube (oviduct)
-Transport developing eggs from ovary to uterus
-cilia draws in released eggs
-fertilization occurs here