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53 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
"The Birth of Venus" signifies the rebirth of man, female figures, myth
Botecelli
"The Peasant Dance", everyday village life scenes. Dutch
Brueghei
Woodcuts and engravings, mixes realism with symbolism
Durer
"Henry VII" and "Erasmus" paints portraits with detail
Holbein
"Mona Lisa" and "The Last Supper", perspective, emotion, antrue in background
Da Vinci
Specialized in Madonnas (Mary w/child), earthly qualities of human beauty, composition
Raphael
"St. Francis Preaching to the Birds", perspective, sensitive to humans
Giotto
"The Laughing Cavalier" and "The Merry Drinker", happy everyday people
Hals
"The Anatomy Lesson" and "The Drapers Guild", light and shadow, catches the emotion of a person in an instant of time
Rembrandt
Advanced the theory that the earth revolves around the sun, died before he got into too much trouble
Copernicus
Wrote a book that stated the earth revolves around the sun, church put him under house arrest, determined the speed of falling bodies, used the telescope to observe the planets
Galileo
Invented moveable type printing press, revolutionized communication and the sprad of ideas
Gutenberg
Identified cells
Hooke
Founded and promoted the idea that planets move in elliptical orbits around the sun
Kepler
Laws of gravitation
Newton
Accused of murder so he could draw a beating heart
Vesalius
Concept of stitches to close wounds instead of cauterizing(burning) them, bandaging
Pare
Pre-vaccine
Paraciesius
Studied how blood moves through the body, overturned idea that food turned into blood
Harvey
Ideal Renaissance man, engineering math, architecture, geology, botany, physiology, anatomy, sculpture, painting, music, poetry
Da Vinci
Latin classification system of plants and animals
Linnaeus
Scientific method
Bacon
Designed bronze doors of Bapitistery in Florence, 3-D realism, took 44 years to make
Ghiberti
"David", first nude since classical times, faces with emotion, bodies have definition
Donatello
"David", "Moses", "Pieta", loved sculpture, muscle-y figures
Michaelangelo
Lost competition for bronze, doors, designed and built the largest dome in Florence
Brunelleschi
Finished the design of St. Mark's Cathedral in the Vatican
Michaelangelo
"The Prince", said that the "ends justifies the means" and rulers can act in any way for the good of the state
Machiavelli
Father of humanism, copied the classics, love of earthly things yet devotion to religion, love for Laura
Petrach
"Don Quixote", made fun of feudalism in Spain
Cervantes
"Romeo & Juliet", etc., poet and playwright under Queen Elizabeth, gives very humman qualities to characters
Shakespeare
"Canterbury Tales", a collection of stories that tell the pilgrimage to ____Cantebury, England
Chaucer
"In Praise of Folly", encourages people to think about reform in church (i.e. sermons, people reading the Bible, behavior of people)
Erasmus
"Utopia", equality in society free or war, injustice, poverty
Sir Thomas More
Saw Paciic Ocean first time
Balboa
Discovered Bahamas
Columbus
Conquered Aztec
Cortez
Circumnavigated globe in 2 trips
Magellan
English Sea Dog (pirate)
Sir Francis Drake
Conquered Incas
Pizarro
Florida
Ponce de Leon
Set up school for navigaors/explorations
Prince Henry of Portugal
Sailed around Africa to India
De Gama
Pacific Ocean, South Pacific
Cook
Leader of France
Joan of Arc
Leader of Russia, expanded territory, reformist
Catherine the Great
Leader of France & Spain
Charles V
Leaders of Spain, Inquistion
Ferdinand & Isabella
England, founded Church of England
Henry VIII
France leader, divine monarch (god-king)
Louis XIV
Leader of the Reformation, 95 Thesis
Luther
Florence leaders
Medici Famil
England leader
Queen Elizabeth