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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Humanism
During the Renaissance, the dominant intellecutal movement that focused on human life and its accomplishments
Motet
Polyphonic choral work set to a sacred latin text. One of the two main forms of sacred renaissanc music
Lute
Plucked string instrument shaped like a half pear. Used in Renaissance/Baroque Music
Word Painting
Musical Representation of specific poetic images - falling melodic line to accompany descending - used in Ren/bar music
Mass
Sacred Choral Composition with 5 parts - Kyrie, gloria, credo, santus, agnus dei
Viol
Part of the family of bowed string instruments during Renaissance. Had 6 strings and a fretted fingerboard
A cappela
Choral music without instrumental accompainament
Madrigal
Composition for several voices set to a short secular poem, usually about love, combining homophonic and polyphonic sounds and using word painting, common in Ren music
Tutti
All of the members - play full orchestra
Ritorello
In Italian: the Refrain (repeated section of music usually played by the full orchestra of tutti in Baroque composition)
Ritornello Form
Compositional form usually employed in the Baroque Concerto Grosso, in which the tutti plays a ritornello, or refrain, alternating with one of more soloists playing new material.
Concerto
A solo piece written for instrument and orchestra
Symphony
A composition for Orchestra
Sonata
A work written for a small group of instruments one to eight players.
Oratorio
Opera-line large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra usually set to a narrative text, but without acting, scenery, or costumes; oftern based on biblical stories
Concerto Grosso
Small group of artists (soloists) are pitted against the whole group (tutti). Usually Consists of 3 movements 1)fast 2)slow 3)fast
Harpsichord
A keyboard instrument that has strings that are plucked
Piano
A keyboard instrument that has hammered keys
Movement
A piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but tis part of a larger composition
Fugue
Polyphonic composition based on one main theme or subject
Opus
Latin for work. An opus number is a way of identifying a piece or set of pieces.
Program Music
Instrumental Music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, often found in Baroque and especially Romantic Music