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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what were martin luther's objections
the indulgence privalage was being abused
john calvin and double predestination
clavin believed in double predestination which was a grim doctorine according to which god chooses some people heaven and for hell
anabaptists were against infant baptism or any baptism but especially infant baptism.
King henry VII
was given the title Defender of the Faith because he was so for the catholic church
queen elizabeth I
a protestant who wanted religous peace through political compromise, made "middle of the road protestant church"
95 thesis
were a list of complaints put apon the door of a church by martin luther
luther's religous backround
was a catholic priest who studied theology for years
concil of trent
devoted much attention to the elimination of abuses in the church
counter reformation
a way to counter the crisis begun by the protestant reformation
protestant reformation
one of the greatest cises the church ever faced
ignatius of loyola
founded society of jesus and was a former spanish soilder who expierced a religous conversion as he recovered from a war wound
proved that earth revolves around the sun, and not the other way around, was a big part of the scientific revolution
french revolution
began in 1789; the effect of this was felt all the way to north and south america
national assembly
tried to control the church while fanatics tried to destroy the church
reign of terror
a bloody campaign of repression that was created by the committee of public safety
napleon bonaparte
not a religous person but wanted peace with the church because if would make him popular with the french catholics
pope pius VII and napoleon
both sighned the concordat of 1801 but napoleon retaliated in 1809 by siezing the pope and carrying him off to france where he remained a prisoner until 1814
pope pius IX
68 when he was elected and died at age of 93 having outlived all but one of the cardinals who elected him
pope pius X
in 1903 he was elected and died in 1914 but made his mark in church history; only pope inthe past 2 centuries to be canonized
bishop john carroll
came from maryland, catholic, john carroll was ordained as the first bishop of baltimore
ku klux klan
dressedin white sheets and hoods to conceal thier identy. they killed people to show off thier strength and to scare people
dorothy day
she began the catholic worker movement
evangelazation efforts after the civil war
national parishes
cared for the needs of one particular ethinic group, like the poles or italians
Pontius Pilate
he was a roman procurator
world famous land mark in rome; used to stage bloody gladiatial contests, wild animal hunts, and even naval battles
helped people to realize that we were not the center of the earth
first church concil
greastest missionary apostle
early christians
were accused ofbeing canabalists and blamed to be gay
why did the church grow so quickly
first christian community
why did roman persicute christians
they refused to honor the emperor as a god and that was considered a treason
people who caliimed to have special knowledge unavailable to ordinary christians
apostolistic sucession
the fact that bishops can trace back thier authority directly back to jesus and the apostles
edict of milan
a proclomation granting toleration to all christians
concil of nicea
they rejected Arius's teachings as heresy
concil of ephesus
said that jesus is one person with 2 natures (a devine nature and a human nature)
concil of constantiople
they gave final form of the creed
concil fo chalcedon
rejected the monk's view and put the finishing touches on the church's teachings about jesus by declaring that jesus's 2 natures be combined into 1 devine person
was generous to the church. he gave it many buildings for public worship and other uses
the idea that ceaser is pope
a second group of early fathers who lived in the 2nd century
church reform
the religon of the followers of jesus
cultural world that came into existance during the high middle ages in european
lay investiture
the widespread practice by secular leaders of appointing priests bishops and even the pope
the gregorian reform
cannon law
name of the body of laws of the church
holy wars undertaken by christians to win back the holy land
official catholic court that was charged with examining and investigating those accused of heresy
meaning rebirth
Avignon papacy
great schism
lasted for almost 40 years; when urban VI and clement VII died each was replaced by a bishop who insisted he was the real pope
concil of constance
put an end to the great schism by removing all of the so called popes
christian humanism
they were deeply troubled by the ignorance and corruption that they saw around them in the church
problems of the church in the late middle ages
renaissance bishops and priests
Pros and cons of renaissance church